15.000 cụm từ thông dụng trong IELTS Writing

There yet remains Therefore, there is no possibility of a doubt Therein lies your responsibility These alone would not be sufficient These are enough to refute the opinion These are general counsels These are generalizations These are my reasons for These are points for consideration These considerations have great weight with me These exceptions do not hold in the case of These ideas naturally present themselves These instances are far from common These instances are indications These last words lead me to say These objections only go to show These questions I shall examine These various partial views

pdf378 trang | Chia sẻ: thanhnguyen | Ngày: 15/10/2013 | Lượt xem: 5328 | Lượt tải: 34download
Bạn đang xem nội dung tài liệu 15.000 cụm từ thông dụng trong IELTS Writing, để tải tài liệu về máy bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên
pective Dull and trite commonplaces Dwindled to alarmingly small dimensions E Easy-going to the point of lethargy Elementary principles of right and wrong Embittered and fanatical agitation Encrusted with pedantry and prejudice [pedantry = attention to detail] Endless and intricate technicalities Endowed with undreamed-of powers Enforced by coercive measures Enormities of crime and anomalies of law Entangled in theological controversy Entirely futile and negligible Erroneous assumptions and sophistries Espoused with extraordinary ardor Essentially one-sided and incomplete Eternally fruitful and stimulating Convert by TVDT Evidently malicious and adroit Evinces a hardened conscience and an insensibility to shame Exact and resolute allegiance Examples of terrific and explosive energy Exasperating to the last degree Excruciating cruelty and injustice Exposed to damaging criticism Exposing his arrogance and folly to merited contempt Expressions of unrestrained grief Exquisite lucidity of statement Extraordinarily subtle and penetrating analysis Exuberant rush of words F Facile and fertile literary brains Faithfully and religiously eschewed [eschew = avoid; shun] Fallen into the convenient oblivion of the waste-basket Fanatical and dangerous excesses Far off and incredibly remote Fastidious correctness of form Fate had turned and twisted a thousand ways Fed by many currents from the long stream of human experience Feigning a virtuous indignation Fertility of argumentative resource Fictitious and adventitious aid Finely touched to the fine issues Fit to stand the gaze of millions Fits and starts of generosity Fixed convictions of mankind Flouted as unpractical Foolish and inflexible superstition Fostering and preserving order Free from all controversial pettifogging [pettifogging = quibbling over insignificant details] Freighted with the most precious cargoes Frequently recurring forms of awkwardness Fresh and unsuspected loveliness From the standpoint of expediency and effectiveness Full and tuneful diction Full of ardent affection and gratitude Full of presentiments of some evil Full of singular freshness, insight and power Full of speculation and a deep restrained excitement Fumble and stumble in helpless incapacity Convert by TVDT G Gain the applause of future ages Generous to a pathetic and touching degree Give vent to his indignation Giving an ear to a little neighborly gossip Glances and smiles of tacit contempt Gnawing at the vitals of society Grace and gentleness of manner Graceful succession of sentences Gratuitous and arbitrary meddling Greeted with unalloyed satisfaction Grooves of intellectual habit Growing sense of bewilderment and dismay Guilty and baffled antagonists H Habits of unintelligent routine Habitual self-possession and self-respect Happy and gracious willingness Hard-souled and joyously joyous Haunted by blank misgivings He affected neither pomp nor grandeur He became more blandly garrulous [garrulous = excessive and trivial talk] He declined the proffered hospitality He dropped into an eloquent silence He eludes analysis and baffles description He glanced at her indulgently He had the habit of self-engrossed silences He harbored his misgivings in silence He poured bitter and biting ridicule on his discomfited opponents He spoke with sledgehammer directness He suffers nothing to draw him aside He took his courage in both hands He turned on me a glance of stored intelligence He was disheveled and untidy He was inexhaustibly voluble Heavily freighted with erudition [erudition = extensive learning] Heights of serene contemplation Her voice had a wooden resonance and a ghost of a lisp Hidebound in official pedantry [pedantry = attention to detail] High and undiscouraged hope High-handed indifference to all restraint His chin had too vanishing an aspect His first zeal was flagging His general attitude suggested an idea that he had an oration for you His gestures and his gait were untidy Convert by TVDT His mood was one of pure exaltation His plea was irresistible His tone verged on the ironical His work was ludicrously perfunctory Hopelessly belated in its appearance I I adjured him [adjured = command or enjoin solemnly, as under oath] I am not without a lurking suspicion I bemoaned my unlucky fate I could almost allege it as a supreme example I have somewhat overshot the mark I lost myself in a reverie of gratitude I made bold to retort I must hazard the story I was extremely perplexed I will permit myself the liberty of saying I would fain believe [fain = happily; gladly] Illuminate with sinister effect Immediate and effectual steps Immense capacity for ceaseless progress Immunity from criticism and control Impartial and exacting judgment Impatience of despotic influence Impelled by strong conviction Imperiled in a restless age Imperious in its demands [imperious = arrogantly domineering] Impotent outbreaks of unreasoning rage Impromptu parades of noisy patriotism In a diversity of application In a fever of apprehension In a frenzy of fussy excitement In a frowning abstraction In a great and fruitful way In a high degree culpable In a kind of confused astonishment In a most commendable fashion In a most impressive vein In a position of undisputed supremacy In a rapture of imagined ecstasy In a secret and surreptitious way [surreptitious = done by clandestine or stealthy means] In a spirit of friendliness and conciliation In a state of mulish reluctance [mulish = stubborn and intractable] In a state of nervous exacerbation In a state of virtuous complacency In a tone of uneasy interrogation Convert by TVDT In a transport of ambitious vanity In a whirlwind of feeling and memory In accents embarrassed and hesitating In alliance with steady clearness of intellect In amazed ejaculation In an eminent and unique sense In an eminent degree In deference to a unanimous sentiment In extenuation of the past In high good humor In his customary sententious fashion [sententious = terse and energetic; pithy] In its most odious and intolerable shape In language terse yet familiar In moments of the most imminent peril In quite incredible confusion In seasons of difficulty and trial In spite of plausible arguments In terms of imperishable beauty In the dim procession of years In the highest conceivable degree In the local phrase In the nature of things In the ordinarily accepted sense In the realm of conjecture In the scheme of things In the tone of one who moralizes In the twinkling of an eye In the world of letters In tones of genuine admiration Incapable of flashy make-believe Incited by a lust for gain Incomparable lucidity and penetrativeness Inconceivable clumsiness of organization Indulge a train of gentle recollection Indulging a sickly and nauseating petulance Ineffably dreary and unpicturesque Infected with a feverish dissatisfaction Infuse a wholesome terror Inimical to true and determined principle [Inimical = harmful; adverse] Inimitable grace and felicity [inimitable = defying imitation; matchless] Injudicious and inelegant ostentation Innumerable and incessant creations Inordinate greed and love of wealth Insatiably greedy of recognition Insensibility to moral perspective and proportion Insolent and riotous excess Inspired by a vague malevolence Inspirited by approval and applause Instances might be multiplied indefinitely Instantly alive to the slightest breach of decorum Convert by TVDT Insufferable violence to the feelings Intense and stubborn dogmatism Intense sensitiveness to injustice Intercourse with polished society Intervals of respite and repose Inveigh against established customs [inveigh = angry disapproval; protest vehemently] Invested with a partial authority Inveterate forces of opposition Invincible jealousy and hate Involuntary thrill of gratified vanity Involved in profound uncertainty Involving ourselves in embarrassments Inward appraisal and self-renouncement Irregulated and desultory education [desultory = haphazard; random] Irrelevant to the main issue Irresistibly impelled by conscience Irritable bitterness and angry suspicion It assumes the shape of malignity It betrays a great want of prudence and discernment It defies description It dissipates every doubt and scruple It enslaves the imagination It extorted from him expressions of irritability It gives one a little grip at the throat It has been stigmatized as irrelevant It has more than passing interest It has seldom been surpassed It imposes no constraint It is a capital blunder It is a common error among ignorant people It is a consoling reflection It is a mark of great instability It is a staggering thought It is always something vicious It is an odd jealousy It is an intolerable idea It is impossible to resist acknowledging this It is little more than a platitude It is not consistent with elevated and dignified character It is not wholly insignificant It is notoriously easy to exaggerate It is the common consent of men It is unnecessary to multiply instances It makes life insupportable It must be a matter of conjecture It occasions suspicion and discontent It runs counter to all established customs It was a matter of notoriety It wears a ragged and dangerous front It would be a fruitless and unthankful task Convert by TVDT It would be superfluous to say It would not seem an improbable conclusion Its dominating and inspiring influence J Jealous and formidable foes Justifiable in certain exigencies [exigencies = urgent situations] K Keen power of calculation and unhesitating audacity Kindle the flames of genuine oratory Knotty and subtle disquisitions [disquisitions = formal discourse] L Labored and far-fetched elocution Laid down in a most unflinching and vigorous fashion Lamentable instances of extravagance Lash themselves into fury Lax theories and corresponding practises Lay hold of the affections Leaden mood of dulness Lend a critical ear Lest the requirements of courtesy be disregarded Links in the chain of reasoning Little less than scandalous Lofty and distinguished simplicity Long-sighted continuity of thought and plan Looking at the matter by and large Looming large and ugly in the public view Loose and otiose statement [otiose = lazy; indolent; of no use] Lost in indolent content Lovely beyond all words Lucidity and argumentative vigor Lulled into a sense of false satisfaction M Convert by TVDT Maddened by a jealous hate Maintained with ingenuity and vigor Manifestly harsh and barbarous Marvelous copiousness of illustration Marvelously suggestive and inspiring Men of profound erudition [erudition = extensive learning] Mere effects of negligence Microscopic analysis of character Mingled distrust and fear Ministering to mere pleasure and indulgence Minutely and rationally exposing their imperfections Morbid and subjective brooding More or less severe and prolonged Moved to unaccustomed tears My worst suspicions were confirmed Mysterious and invincible darkness N Naked vigor of resolution Naturally prone to believe Necessity thus imposed by prudence Nerveless and faithless folly No more than brief palliatives or mitigations Noble and sublime patience Noisy torrent of talk Not averse to a little gossip Not so much polished as varnished Noted for their quixotic love of adventure Nothing could be more captious or unfair [captious = disposition to find and point out trivial faults] Nothing remained but a graceful acquiescence Notoriously distracted by internecine jealousies O Objects of general censure Obscured beneath the rubbish of the age Obsessed with an overweening pride Obstacles that are difficult but not insuperable Obviously at variance with facts Occasioned by direct moral turpitude [turpitude = depravity; baseness] Oddly amenable to the proposed innovations Often employed promiscuously Ominous and swift days Convert by TVDT Omitting all compliments and commonplaces On a noble and commanding scale On sure ground of fact On the edge of great irritability On the horns of a dilemma One of life's ironical adjustments One of the foreseen and inevitable results One tissue of rashness, folly, ingratitude, and injustice Openly flouted and disavowed Oppressed by some vague dread Organs of party rage and popular frenzy Our opinions were diametrically opposed Our vaunted civilization Outward mark of obeisance and humiliation [obeisance = attitude of deference] Overcome by an access of misery Overshadowed by a fretful anxiety Overwhelmed with reproach and popular indignation P Painful and lamentable indifference Palpably and unmistakably commonplace Parading an exception to prove a rule Paralyzed by infirmity of purpose Paralyzing doubts and scruples Paramount obligation and righteousness Partial and fragmentary evidence Passionately addicted to pleasure Patently inimical to liberty Patience under continual provocation Peculiarly liable to misinterpretation Peddling and pitiful compromises Pelting one another with catchwords Perfectly illustrated and exemplified Perpetually excite our curiosity Pierced to the quick Pitiful shifts of policy Plainly dictated by a lofty purpose Pleading the exigencies of strategical interest [exigencies = urgent situations] Plunged into tumultuous preoccupation Pointed out with triumphant malice Polished beauty of diction Political storm and stress. Position of titular command Preached with a fierce unction [unction = exaggerated earnestness] Precipitate and arbitrary changes Predict the gloomiest consequences Convert by TVDT Pregnant with a lesson of the deepest import Presented with matchless vigor and courage Princely generosity of praise Prodigious and portentous events Protracted to a vexatious length Proud schemes for aggrandizement Provocative of bitter hostility Pruned of their excrescences and grotesque extremes [excrescences = abnormal growth, such as a wart] Purged of glaringly offensive features Pursued to a vicious extent Q Questioned and tested in the crucible of experience Quickened into a stabbing suspicion Quickness to conceive and courage to execute Quite destitute of resources Quixotically generous about money R Radiantly and transparently happy Railed at the world Rare candor and flexibility of mind Rare fidelity of purpose and achievement Rarely brought to pass Reeling headlong in luxury and sensuality Regarded with sincere abhorrence Regulated by the fixed rules of good-breeding Religious rights and ceremonies Reluctant to appear in so equivocal a character Render null and void Rent by internal contentions Repugnant alike to reason and conscience Resigned to growing infirmities Resist a common adversary Resting on some collateral circumstance Rhetorical and ambitious diction Rich and exuberant complexities Rigid and exact boundaries Rooted in immeasurable error and falsity Roused to tumultuous activity Rude and blind criticism Convert by TVDT S Sadly counterbalanced by numerous faults Said with epigrammatic point [epigrammatic = terse and witty] Salutary in the extreme Salutary tonic of a free current of public criticism Sanity and quietness of soul Scorned as an impracticable theory Scornful of petty calculations Screen themselves from punishment Scrupulous and chivalrous loyalty See with eagle glance through conventionalisms Seem to savor of paradox Seize the auspicious moment Self-centered anxiety and preoccupation Self-command born of varied intercourse Self-interest of the most compelling character Selfish and uselessly recondite [recondite = not easily understood] Selfishness pampered by abundance Senses of marvelous acuteness Sensible diminution of our comfort Sensitive and apprehensive temperament Sentimental wailings for the past Serve the innocent purposes of life Set down with meticulous care Shames us out of our nonsense Sharp outbursts of hatred and bitterness Sharp restrictions of duty and opportunity Sharply and definitely conceived She had lost her way in a labyrinth of conjecture She took refuge in a passionate exaggeration of her own insufficiency Sheer midsummer madness Silly displays of cheap animosity Simple and obvious to a plain understanding Sinister and fatal augury [augury = sign of something coming; omen] Skulking beneath a high-sounding benevolence Slack-minded skimming of newspapers Slavish doctrines of sectarianism Slow and resistless forces of conviction Smug respectability and self-content Snatch some advantage Socialized and exacting studies Some very undignified disclosures Something essentially inexpressible Something stifling and over-perfumed Spinning a network of falsehoods Convert by TVDT Spiritual and moral significance Staring in helpless bewilderment Stealthily escaping observation Stern determination to inflict summary justice Stigmatized as moral cowards Stimulated to profitable industry Stopped as if on the verge of profundities Strange frankness of cynical brutality Strange streak of melancholy Strangled by a snare of words Strenuous and conscientious endeavor Stretched out in dreary monotony Strict and unalloyed veracity Struck incessantly and remorselessly Stupendous and awe-inspiring spectacle Subject to the vicissitudes of fortune [vicissitudes = sudden or unexpected changes] Subjected to the grossest cruelties Subordination to the common weal Subservient to the ends of religion Sudden and inexplicable changes of mood Suddenly and imperatively summoned Suddenly swelled to unprecedented magnitude Sufficient to repel vulgar curiosity Suggestive sagacity and penetration [sagacity = farsighted; wise] Suit the means to the end Sullen and widespread discontent Superior in strength and prowess Supported by a splendid fearlessness Supremely and undeniably great Susceptible to every impulse and stimulus Sustained dignity and mellifluous precision [mellifluous = flowing with honey; smooth and sweet] Swamping every aspiration and ambition Swift and vehement outbursts of feeling T Take root in the heart Take vengeance upon arrogant self-assertion Taken in their totality Tamed and wonted to a settled existence Tempered by the emotional warmth of high moral ideals That way madness lies The abysmal depths of despair The accumulated bitterness of failure The agonies of conscious failure The air was full of the cry and clamor The animadversions of critics [animadversions = Strong criticism] Convert by TVDT The applause was unbounded The best proof of its timeliness and salutariness [salutariness = favorable] The bewildered and tumultuous world The blackest abyss of despair The blemishes of an extraordinary reputation The bluntness of a provincial The bogey of bad luck [bogey = evil or mischievous spirit; hobgoblin] The bounding pulse of youth The brunt of life The capacity for refined pursuits The charming omniscience of youth The cloak of cowardice The collective life of humanity The combined dictates of reason and experience The companion of a noble and elevated spirit The complaining gate swung open The complex phenomena of life The consequence of an agitated mind The consequence of ignorance and childish assumption The constant pressure of anxieties The creature and tool of a party The critical eyes of posterity The dead and dusty past The delimitation is sufficiently definite The dictates of plain reason The disjointed babble of the chronicler The dull derision of the world The dullest and most vacant minds The dumb forces of brute nature The dupe of some imposture The eager pretentiousness of youth The ebb and flow of events The everlasting deluge of books The evil was irremediable The exchange of harmless amenities The exertion of an inherent power The expression was keenly intellectual The facile conjectures of ignorant onlookers The facts took him by the throat The fitful swerving of passion The flabbiness of our culture The flaccid moods of prose The flame of discord raged with redoubled fury The flattest and most obvious truisms The flippant insolence of a decadent skepticism The foe of excess and immoderation The fog of prejudice and ill-feeling The frustration of their dearest hopes The garb of civilization The general infusion of wit Convert by TVDT The gift of prophecy The golden years of youth and maturity The gratification of ambition The grim reality of defeat The hall-mark of a healthy humanity The handmaid of tyranny The hint of tranquillity and self-poise The hints of an imaginable alliance The hobgoblin of little minds The holiest and most ennobling sensations of the soul The hollowest of hollow shams The homely virtue of practical utility The hubbub and turmoil of the great world The huge and thoughtful night The hurly-burly of events The idea was utterly hateful and repugnant The idle of all hobbledehoys [hobbledehoys = gawky adolescent boy] The ignoble exploitation of public interests The imminent fatality awaiting him The impulse of prejudice or caprice The incorrigibility of perverse human nature The incursions of a venomous rabble The indulgence of an overweening self-conceit The inevitable climax and culmination The inference is inescapable The infirmity and fallibility of human nature The inflexible serenity of the wheeling sun The ingenuities of legal verbiage The inmost recesses of the human heart The insipidity of indifference The insolence of power The irony of circumstances The jaded weariness of overstrained living The jargon of well-handled and voice-worn phrases The jostling and ugliness of life The lawyer's habit of circumspection and delay The long-delayed hour of retribution The lowest grade of precarious mendacity [mendacity = untruthfulness] The makeshifts of mediocrity The malarious air of after-dinner gossip The mazes of conflicting testimony The mean and frivolous affections of the idle The menacing shadow of want The mere fruit of his distempered imagination The mere reversal of the wheel of fortune The merest smattering of knowledge The meticulous preciosity of the lawyer and the logician [preciosity = extreme overrefinement] The most absurd elementary questions The most amazing impudence Convert by TVDT The most exacting and exciting business The most fallacious of all fallacies The most implacable logic The most preposterous pride The multitudinous tongue of the people The outcome of unerring observation The outraged conscience of mankind The overpowering force of circumstances and necessity The overweening exercise of power The panacea for the evils of society The panorama of history The pernicious doctrines of skeptics The perpetrator of clumsy witticisms The precarious tenure of fame The precursor of violence The pretty and delicate game of talk The primitive instinct of self-preservation The property of little minds The prophecies of visionaries and enthusiasts The proprieties of etiquette The purse-proud inflation of the moneyed man The question was disconcertingly frank The ravening wolves of brute instinct The remark was sternly uncompromising The result of caprice The rigor of the law The sanction and authority of a great name The severest shocks of adverse fate The sharp and vehement assertion of authority The sinister influence of unprincipled men The speaker drew an indignant breath The springs of human action The staple of conversation The stillness of finality The stings of self-reproach The straightforward path of inexorable logic The strong hand of executive authority The sum and fruit of experience The sum total of her impressions was negative The summit of excellence The supernatural prescience of prophecy The sweet indulgence of good-nature The sycophants of the rich [sycophant = servile self-seeker attempting to win favor by flattery] The taint of fretful ingratitude The talk flowed The target for ill-informed criticism The tears welled up and flowed abundantly The tediousness of inactivity The tendency to evade implicit obligations Convert by TVDT The ties of a common cause The tranquil aspects of society The tribute of affectionate applause The ultimate verdict of mankind The unbroken habit of a lifetime The unimpeachable correctness of his demeanor The unlicensed indulgence of curiosity The unsophisticated period of youth The utmost excitement and agitation The vanishing thoughtlessness of youth The vanity and conceit of insular self-satisfaction The very texture of man's soul and life The victim of an increasing irritability The victorious assertion of personality The virtue of taciturnity [taciturnity = habitually untalkative] The voice was sharp and peremptory [peremptory = ending all debate or action] The want of serious and sustained thinking The widest compass of human life The wonderful pageant of consciousness The words stabbed him Their authenticity may be greatly questioned Their indignation waxed fast and furious Themes of perennial interest There was a blank silence There was no sense of diminution They affected the tone of an impartial observer They rent the air with shouts and acclamations Thoughts which mock at human life Through ever-widening circles of devastation Through the distortions of prejudice Thwarted by seeming insuperable obstacles Time was dissolving the circle of his friends Times of unexampled difficulty Tinseled over with a gaudy embellishment of words To a practised eye To be sedulously avoided [sedulously = persevering] To prosecute a scheme of personal ambition To state the case is to prove it Too preposterous for belief Too puerile to notice Too sanguine a forecast [sanguine = cheerfully confident; optimistic] Torn asunder by eternal strife Totally detached from all factions Touched with a sort of reverential gratitude Transcend the bounds of human credulity Transitory in its nature Transparent and ridiculous self-importance Treasured up with a timid and niggardly thrift Treated the idea with lofty scorn Convert by TVDT Tremendous exploits and thrilling escapades True incentives to knowledge U Unamiable and envious attributes Unbounded devotion and indulgence Uncharted oceans of thought Unconquerable fidelity to duty Under all conceivable circumstances Under the sway of arbitrary opinions Undertaken under propitious circumstances [propitious = auspicious, favorable; kindly] Uneasy sense of impending change Unequaled simplicity and directness of purpose Unexceptional in point of breeding Unexpected obstacles and inextricable difficulties Unfailing and miraculous foresight Unfeigned astonishment and indignation Unfounded and incredible calumnies [calumnies = maliciously false statements] Unhampered by binding alliances Universal in their signification Unjust and unrighteous persecution Unreasoning and unquestioning attachment Unrivaled beauty and excellence Unrivaled gift of succinct and trenchant speech [trenchant = forceful, effective, vigorous; incisive; distinct] Unsparing industry and attention Unspeakably alluring and satisfying Unsurpassed in force and fitness Unswerving and unselfish fidelity Untiring enunciation of platitudes and fallacies Unutterably trivial and paltry Unwavering and unquestioning approbation [approbation = warm approval; praise] Unworthy and ungenerous treatment Upbraid ourselves with folly Urgent warning and admonition Utterly and essentially irreverent V Vast and vague aspirations Vastly complex and far-reaching problems Vehemently and indignantly repudiated Venerable and dignified conservatism Versatile and essentially original Convert by TVDT Versed in the arts of exciting tumult and sedition [sedition = insurrection; rebellion] Viewed in its general tenor and substance Vigorous and well compacted Violating all decency Violent and unforeseen vicissitudes [vicissitudes = sudden or unexpected changes] Vitiated by intolerance and shortsightedness [vitiated = reduce the value; corrupt morally; debase] Vivid even to oppressiveness Voracious and insatiable appetite Vulgar eagerness for place W Warnings too pregnant to be disregarded Warped by personal pretensions and self-consequence We may parenthetically note We must profoundly revere it Weigh the merits and demerits Welcomed at first with skeptical contempt Well-concerted and well-timed stratagems Whirled into rapid and ceaseless motion Wholesale friction and discontent Wholly devoid of public interest Widely divergent social traits Wield an unequaled and paramount authority Wiser counsels prevailed Withal decidedly handsome Written in indelible characters upon his heart Y Yield to urgent representations Z Zealous in the cause he affected to serve [Pencilled into the flyleaf: "A navy blue feeling where my heart used to be"] Convert by TVDT End of the Project Gutenberg EBook of Fifteen Thousand Useful Phrases, by Greenville Kleiser *** END OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK FIFTEEN THOUSAND USEFUL PHRASES *** ***** This file should be named 18362.txt or 18362.zip ***** This and all associated files of various formats will be found in: Produced by Don Kostuch Updated editions will replace the previous one—the old editions will be renamed. Creating the works from public domain print editions means that no one owns a United States copyright in these works, so the Foundation (and you!) can copy and distribute it in the United States without permission and without paying copyright royalties. Special rules, set forth in the General Terms of Use part of this license, apply to copying and distributing Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works to protect the PROJECT GUTENBERG-tm concept and trademark. Project Gutenberg is a registered trademark, and may not be used if you charge for the eBooks, unless you receive specific permission. If you do not charge anything for copies of this eBook, complying with the rules is very easy. You may use this eBook for nearly any purpose such as creation of derivative works, reports, performances and research. They may be modified and printed and given away—you may do practically ANYTHING with public domain eBooks. Redistribution is subject to the trademark license, especially commercial redistribution. *** START: FULL LICENSE *** THE FULL PROJECT GUTENBERG LICENSE Section 1. General Terms of Use and Redistributing Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works Section 2. Information about the Mission of Project Gutenberg-tm Section 3. Information about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation Section 4. Information about Donations to the Project GutenbergLiterary Archive Foundation Section 5. General Information About Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works. PLEASE READ THIS BEFORE YOU DISTRIBUTE OR USE THIS WORK To protect the Project Gutenberg-tm mission of promoting the free distribution of electronic works, by using or distributing this work (or any other work associated in any way with the phrase “Project Gutenberg”), you agree to comply with all the terms of the Full Project Gutenberg-tm License (available with this file or online at Convert by TVDT Section 1. [FULL LICENSE] General Terms of Use and Redistributing Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works [1.A 1.B 1.C 1.D 1.E 1.F] [1.E.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9] [1.F.1 2 3 4 5 6] 1.A. [1.B Section 1] By reading or using any part of this Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work, you indicate that you have read, understand, agree to and accept all the terms of this license and intellectual property (trademark/copyright) agreement. If you do not agree to abide by all the terms of this agreement, you must cease using and return or destroy all copies of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works in your possession. If you paid a fee for obtaining a copy of or access to a Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work and you do not agree to be bound by the terms of this agreement, you may obtain a refund from the person or entity to whom you paid the fee as set forth in paragraph 1.E.8. 1.B. [1.A 1.C Section 1] “Project Gutenberg” is a registered trademark. It may only be used on or associated in any way with an electronic work by people who agree to be bound by the terms of this agreement. There are a few things that you can do with most Project Gutenberg- tm electronic works even without complying with the full terms of this agreement. See paragraph 1.C below. There are a lot of things you can do with Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works if you follow the terms of this agreement and help preserve free future access to Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works. See paragraph 1.E below. 1.C. [1.B 1.D Section 1] The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation (“the Foundation” or PGLAF), owns a compilation copyright in the collection of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works. Nearly all the individual works in the collection are in the public domain in the United States. If an individual work is in the public domain in the United States and you are located in the United States, we do not claim a right to prevent you from copying, distributing, performing, displaying or creating derivative works based on the work as long as all references to Project Gutenberg are removed. Of course, we hope that you will support the Project Gutenberg-tm mission of promoting free access to electronic works by freely sharing Project Gutenberg-tm works in compliance with the terms of this agreement for keeping the Project Gutenberg-tm name associated with the work. You can easily comply with the terms of this agreement by keeping this work in the same format with its attached full Project Gutenberg-tm License when you share it without charge with others. 1.D. [1.C 1.E Section 1] The copyright laws of the place where you are located also govern what you can do with this work. Copyright laws in most countries are in a constant state of change. If you are outside the United States, check the laws of your country in addition to the terms of this agreement before downloading, copying, displaying, performing, distributing or creating derivative works based on this work or any other Project Gutenberg-tm work. The Convert by TVDT Foundation makes no representations concerning the copyright status of any work in any country outside the United States. 1.E. [1.D 1.F Section 1] Unless you have removed all references to Project Gutenberg: 1.E.1. [1.E 1.E.2 Section 1] The following sentence, with active links to, or other immediate access to, the full Project Gutenberg-tm License must appear prominently whenever any copy of a Project Gutenberg-tm work (any work on which the phrase “Project Gutenberg” appears, or with which the phrase “Project Gutenberg” is associated) is accessed, displayed, performed, viewed, copied or distributed: This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org 1.E.2. [1.E.1 1.E.3 Section 1] If an individual Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work is derived from the public domain (does not contain a notice indicating that it is posted with permission of the copyright holder), the work can be copied and distributed to anyone in the United States without paying any fees or charges. If you are redistributing or providing access to a work with the phrase “Project Gutenberg” associated with or appearing on the work, you must comply either with the requirements of paragraphs 1.E.1 through 1.E.7 or obtain permission for the use of the work and the Project Gutenberg-tm trademark as set forth in paragraphs 1.E.8or 1.E.9. 1.E.3. [1.E.2 1.E.4 Section 1] If an individual Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work is posted with the permission of the copyright holder, your use and distribution must comply with both paragraphs 1.E.1 through 1.E.7 and any additional terms imposed by the copyright holder. Additional terms will be linked to the Project Gutenberg-tm License for all works posted with the permission of the copyright holder found at the beginning of this work. 1.E.4. [1.E.3 1.E.5 Section 1] Do not unlink or detach or remove the full Project Gutenberg- tm License terms from this work, or any files containing a part of this work or any other work associated with Project Gutenberg-tm. 1.E.5. [1.E.4 1.E.6 Section 1] Do not copy, display, perform, distribute or redistribute this electronic work, or any part of this electronic work, without prominently displaying the sentence set forth in paragraph 1.E.1 with active links or immediate access to the full terms of the Project Gutenberg-tm License. 1.E.6. [1.E.5 1.E.7 Section 1] You may convert to and distribute this work in any binary, compressed, marked up, nonproprietary or proprietary form, including any word processing or hypertext form. However, if you provide access to or distribute copies of a Project Gutenberg-tm work in a format other than “Plain Vanilla ASCII” or other format used in the official version posted on the official Project Gutenberg-tm web site (www.gutenberg.org), you must, at no additional cost, fee or expense to the user, provide a copy, a means of exporting a copy, or a means of obtaining a copy upon request, of the work in its original “Plain Vanilla ASCII” or other form. Any alternate format must include the full Project Gutenberg-tm License as specified in paragraph 1.E.1. 1.E.7. [1.E.6 1.E.8 Section 1] Do not charge a fee for access to, viewing, displaying, Convert by TVDT performing, copying or distributing any Project Gutenberg-tm works unless you comply with paragraph 1.E.8 or 1.E.9. 1.E.8. [1.E.7 1.E.9 Section 1] You may charge a reasonable fee for copies of or providingaccess to or distributing Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works providedthat - You pay a royalty fee of 20% of the gross profits you derive from the use of Project Gutenberg-tm works calculated using the method you already use to calculate your applicable taxes. The fee is owed to the owner of the Project Gutenberg-tm trademark, but he has agreed to donate royalties under this paragraph to the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. Royalty payments must be paid within 60 days following each date on which you prepare (or are legally required to prepare) your periodic tax returns. Royalty payments should be clearly marked as such and sent to the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation at the address specified in Section 4, “Information about donations to the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.” - You provide a full refund of any money paid by a user who notifies you in writing (or by e- mail) within 30 days of receipt that s/he does not agree to the terms of the full Project Gutenberg-tm License. You must require such a user to return or destroy all copies of the works possessed in a physical medium and discontinue all use of and all access to other copies of Project Gutenberg-tm works. - You provide, in accordance with paragraph 1.F.3, a full refund of any money paid for a work or a replacement copy, if a defect in the electronic work is discovered and reported to you within 90 days of receipt of the work. - You comply with all other terms of this agreement for free distribution of Project Gutenberg-tm works. 1.E.9. [1.E.8 1.F Section 1] If you wish to charge a fee or distribute a Project Gutenberg- tmelectronic work or group of works on different terms than are setforth in this agreement, you must obtain permission in writing fromboth the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and MichaelHart, the owner of the Project Gutenberg-tm trademark. Contact theFoundation as set forth in Section 3 below. 1.F. [1.E.9 1.F.1 Section 1] 1.F.1. [1.F 1.F.2 Section 1] Project Gutenberg volunteers and employees expend considerable effort to identify, do copyright research on, transcribe and proofread public domain works in creating the Project Gutenberg-tm collection. Despite these efforts, Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works, and the medium on which they may be stored, may contain “Defects,” such as, but not limited to, incomplete, inaccurate or corrupt data, transcription errors, a copyright or other intellectual property infringement, a defective or damaged disk or other medium, a computer virus, or computer codes that damage or cannot be read by your equipment. 1.F.2. [1.F.1 1.F.3 Section 1] LIMITED WARRANTY, DISCLAIMER OF DAMAGES - Except for the “Rightof Replacement or Refund” described in paragraph1.F.3, the Project Convert by TVDT Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, the owner of the Project Gutenberg-tm trademark, and any other party distributing a ProjectGutenberg-tm electronic work under this agreement, disclaim all liability to you for damages, costs and expenses, including legal fees. YOU AGREE THAT YOU HAVE NO REMEDIES FOR NEGLIGENCE, STRICT LIABILITY, BREACH OF WARRANTY OR BREACH OF CONTRACT EXCEPT THOSE PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPH F3. YOU AGREE THAT THE FOUNDATION, THE TRADEMARK OWNER, AND ANY DISTRIBUTOR UNDER THIS AGREEMENT WILL NOT BELIABLE TO YOU FOR ACTUAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE ORINCIDENTAL DAMAGES EVEN IF YOU GIVE NOTICE OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. 1.F.3. [1.F.2 1.F.4 Section 1] LIMITED RIGHT OF REPLACEMENT OR REFUND - If you discover a defect in this electronic work within 90 days of receiving it, you can receive a refund of the money (if any) you paid for it by sending a written explanation to the person you received the work from. If you received the work on a physical medium, you must return the medium with your written explanation. The person or entity that provided you with the defective work may elect to provide a replacement copy in lieu of a refund. If you received the work electronically, the person or entity providing it to you may choose to give you a second opportunity to receive the work electronically in lieu of a refund. If the second copy is also defective, you may demand a refund in writing without further opportunities to fix the problem. 1.F.4. [1.F.3 1.F.5 Section 1] Except for the limited right of replacement or refund set forth in paragraph 1.F.3, this work is provided to you „AS-IS‟ WITH NO OTHER WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTIBILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PURPOSE. 1.F.5. [1.F.4 1.F.6 Section 1] Some states do not allow disclaimers of certain implied warranties or the exclusion or limitation of certain types of damages. If any disclaimer or limitation set forth in this agreement violates the law of the state applicable to this agreement, the agreement shall be interpreted to make the maximum disclaimer or limitation permitted by the applicable state law. The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of this agreement shall not void the remaining provisions. 1.F.6. [1.F.5 Section 2] INDEMNITY - You agree to indemnify and hold the Foundation, the trademark owner, any agent or employee of the Foundation, anyone providing copies of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works in accordance with this agreement, and any volunteers associated with the production, promotion and distribution of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works, harmless from all liability, costs and expenses, including legal fees, that arise directly or indirectly from any of the following which you do or cause to occur: (a) distribution of this or any Project Gutenberg-tm work, (b) alteration, modification, or additions or deletions to any Project Gutenberg-tm work, and © any Defect you cause. Section 2. Information about the Mission of Project Gutenberg-tm Project Gutenberg-tm is synonymous with the free distribution of electronic works in formats readable by the widest variety of computers including obsolete, old, middle-aged and new Convert by TVDT computers. It exists because of the efforts of hundreds of volunteers and donations from people in all walks of life. Volunteers and financial support to provide volunteers with the assistance they need, is critical to reaching Project Gutenberg-tm‟s goals and ensuring that the Project Gutenberg-tm collection will remain freely available for generations to come. In 2001, the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation was created to provide a secure and permanent future for Project Gutenberg-tm and future generations. To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at Section 3. Information about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation is a non profit 501©(3) educational corporation organized under the laws of the state of Mississippi and granted tax exempt status by the Internal Revenue Service. The Foundation‟s EIN or federal tax identification number is 64-6221541. Its 501©(3) letter is posted at Contributions to the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation are tax deductible to the full extent permitted by U.S. federal laws and your state‟s laws. The Foundation‟s principal office is located at 4557 Melan Dr. S.Fairbanks, AK, 99712., but its volunteers and employees are scattered throughout numerous locations. Its business office is located at 809 North 1500 West, Salt Lake City, UT 84116, (801) 596-1887, email business@pglaf.org. Email contact links and up to date contact information can be found at the Foundation‟s web site and officialpage at For additional contact information: Dr. Gregory B. Newby Chief Executive and Director gbnewby@pglaf.org Section 4. Information about Donations to the Project GutenbergLiterary Archive Foundation Project Gutenberg-tm depends upon and cannot survive without wide spread public support and donations to carry out its mission of increasing the number of public domain and licensed works that can be freely distributed in machine readable form accessible by the widest array of equipment including outdated equipment. Many small donations ($1 to $5,000) are particularly important to maintaining tax exempt status with the IRS. The Foundation is committed to complying with the laws regulatingcharities and charitable donations in all 50 states of the UnitedStates. Compliance requirements are not uniform and it takes aconsiderable effort, much paperwork and many fees to meet and keep upwith these requirements. We do not solicit donations in locationswhere we have not received written Convert by TVDT confirmation of compliance. To SEND DONATIONS or determine the status of compliance for any particular state visit While we cannot and do not solicit contributions from states where we have not met the solicitation requirements, we know of no prohibition against accepting unsolicited donations from donors in such states who approach us with offers to donate. International donations are gratefully accepted, but we cannot make any statements concerning tax treatment of donations received from outside the United States. U.S. laws alone swamp our small staff. Please check the Project Gutenberg Web pages for current donation methods and addresses. Donations are accepted in a number of other ways including checks, online payments and credit card donations. To donate, please visit: Section 5. General Information About Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works. Professor Michael S. Hart is the originator of the Project Gutenberg-tm concept of a library of electronic works that could be freely shared with anyone. For thirty years, he produced and distributed Project Gutenberg-tm eBooks with only a loose network of volunteer support. Project Gutenberg-tm eBooks are often created from several printed editions, all of which are confirmed as Public Domain in the U.S. unless a copyright notice is included. Thus, we do not necessarily keep eBooks in compliance with any particular paper edition. Most people start at our Web site which has the main PG search facility: This Web site includes information about Project Gutenberg-tm, including how to make donations to the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, how to help produce our new eBooks, and how to subscribe to our email newsletter to hear about new eBooks.

Các file đính kèm theo tài liệu này:

  • pdfFifteen Thousand.pdf
Tài liệu liên quan