Đề cương ôn tập môn tiếng anh dành cho cao học và nghiên cứu sinh - Bộ giáo dục

Đề cương ôn tập môn tiếng anh dành cho cao học và nghiên cứu sinh - BỘ GIÁO DỤCĐề cương này dùng làm cơ sở hướng dẫn ôn tập phục vụ cho việc kiểm tra môn tiếng Anh trong kỳ thi tuyển sinh cao học và nghiên cứu sinh hàng năm theo quy định của Bộ Giáo dục và Đào tạo và do Trường Đại học Nông nghiệp I tổ chức. Phần một : giới thiệu chung I. Mục tiêu: Đề cương này nhằm hướng dẫn đồng bộ 3 qui trình ôn tập, hướng dẫn ôn tập và ra đề thi : 1. Nội dung chương trình giảng dạy các lớp ôn tập thi tuyển sinh. 2. Nội dung và hình thức đề thi tuyển sinh. 3. Việc ôn tập của thí sinh. II. Nội dung : Đề cương gồm 5 phần chính (A – E) dựa theo hướng dẫn về “Dạng thức ra đề thi môn ngoại ngữ trình độ B, C” của Bộ Giáo dục và Đào tạo : Phần A : Từ vựng (Vocabulary) Phần B : Ngữ pháp (Grammar) Phần C : Đọc hiểu (Reading Comprehension) Phần D : Viết (Writing ) Phần E : Dịch (Translation) * Phần Đọc hiểu (B) và Viết (C) được trình bày dưới dạng các bài mẫu. * Ngoài ra, để giúp thí sinh ôn tập, chúng tôi còn biên soạn, tập hợp các cấu trúc thường gặp trong các bài thi và cách xử lý, một số bài tập được trình bày bằng POWER POINT để tham khảo (không kèm theo tài liệu Hướng dẫn này). III. Nguyên tắc biên soạn : 1. Dựa trên Quyết định số 02/2001/QĐ-BGD&ĐT ngày 29 tháng 01 năm 2001 và sửa đổi, bổ sung theo Quyết định số 19/2002-QĐ-BGD&ĐT ngày 09/4/2002 của Bộ trưởng Bộ Giáo dục và Đào tạo ban hành Quy chế tuyển sinh sau đại học và Phụ lục 1 về “Dạng thức ra đề thi môn ngoại ngữ trình độ B, C”. 2. Dựa trên quy định về khối lượng ngữ liệu và yêu cầu kỹ năng trong “Chương trình bồi dưỡng ngoại ngữ các cấp độ A,B,C” của Bộ Giáo dục và Đào tạo. 3. Tuy quy định kiến thức về ngữ liệu và yêu cầu về kỹ năng ngoại ngữ giữa 2 cấp độ B (cho cao học), và C (cho nghiên cứu sinh) có khác nhau, nhưng về cơ bản vẫn dựa trên một nền chung, cấp độ C kế thừa và nâng cao hơn cấp độ B. Do vậy hướng dẫn này dùng chung cho cả 2 cấp độ, khi hướng dẫn ôn tập và ra đề thi giáo viên cần vận dụng cho thích hợp với từng trình độ. IV. Các tài liệu tham khảo chính Phần hướng dẫn các nội dung chính, câu mẫu, bài mẫu và bài tập được soạn dựa theo các văn bản hướng dẫn của Bộ đã nói ở trên và tham khảo các tài liệu trong và ngoài nước như các tài liệu ôn tập và luyện thi của Nhà xuất bản Đại học Cambridge – Cambridge University Press - (Anh) : Practice Tests for Cambridge Preliminary English (PET), Cambridge Practice Tests for First Certificate (FCE), Progress to First Certificate, Cambridge First Certificate Examination Practice, Fifty Tests in Essential English của Nhà xuất bản Basil Blackwell, và trong các sách luyện thi IELTS và TOEFL do các nhà xuất bản khác nhau ấn hành, và một số tài liệu tải về từ mạng, v.v.

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too ............ . A. loud B. strong C. powerful D. heavy 3. Don't wait for me. I've got to ............. a telephone call. A. do B. ring C. give D. make 4. If you're going to the airport by car, can you give me a ............ ? A. drive B. lift C. seat D. place 5. It's only five o'clock. I think your watch must be .......... . A. advanced B. quick C. rapid D. fast 6. I ......... drink tea for breakfast. A. ever B. once C. never D. neither 7. Can you tell me the ......... to the station? A. road B. direction C. distance D. way 8. Be ......... ! I can't hear what the teacher is saying. A. soft B. still C. quiet D. low 9. Oranges are much ......... apples. A. expensive than B. not expensive than C. expensive less than D. less expensive than 10. It was ......... bad weather that we could not go out. A. very B. so C. too D. such 11. I'm sorry ........ late. A. to be B. for being C. being D. I'm 12. My sister is busy ........ a letter. A. writing B. in writing C. at writing D. to write 13. I ........ ever go to the theatre. A. hardly B. rarely C. not D. sometimes 14. Many scientists are sure there is ........ on other planets. A. existence B. people C. creature D. life 15. ........ English, we find it very difficult, but very interesting. A. Learning B. To learn C. Learn D. Learned ----------------------------------------------------------------- 1. ........ terrible weather! A. What a B. What C. How D. How a 2. I want to keep ........ . A. the room tidily B. the room tidy C. the tidy room D. the tidily room 3. They serve ........ in a Chinese restaurant. A. fried rice B. fry rice C. frying rice D. fries rice 4. The news is very ........ . A. surprised B. surprising C. surprise D. a surprise 5. Would you please ............... so loudly. A. not speak B. don't speak C. to speak not D. not to speak 6. He looked very .................. when I told him the news. A. happily B. happy C. happiness D. was happy 7. She is ................. in history. A. interested B. interests C. interesting D. being interest 8. He walks ............... my house every morning. A. pass B. past C. passing D. to pass 9. They'll certainly come ........ them. A. when calling B. you're calling C. do you call D. if you call 10. The President then stood up and said a few words ........ to the visitors. A. to welcome B. of welcome C. for welcoming D. of welcomes 11. He hasn't ........ up his mind yet. A. found B. gone C. stood D. made 12. He's been in Bangkok ........ . A. for two weeks B. since two weeks C. in two weeks C. two weeks ago 13. They could reach the house ..... the road was flooded. A. whether B. although C. as if D. even 14. Have you finished your homework ........ ? A. still B. yet C. quite D. even 15. I've just been ......... to some pop music on the radio. A. hearing B. listening C. attending D. assisting 2. READING PASSAGES 2.1. GAP-FILLING : (Multiple Choice) Read the text below and choose the correct word for each space. For each question, circle the letter next to the correct word: THE FIRST WOMAN SCIENTIST Hypatia was (0) ………………. In Alexandria, in Egypt, in 370 A.D. For many centuries she was (1) ……………… only woman scientist t have a place in the history books. Hypatia’s father was director of Alexandria University, and he (2) ……………. sure his daughter had the best education available. This was unusual, as most women then had few (3) ……………… to study. After studying in Athens and Rome, Hypatia returned to Alexandria (4) …………. she began teaching mathematics. She soon became famous (5) ………….. her knowledge of new ideas. We had no copies of her books, (6) …………….. we know that she wrote several important mathematical works. Hypatia was also interested in technology and (7) …………………. several scientific tools to help with her work. At the (8) ……….... many rulers were afraid of science, and (9) …………… connected with it was in danger. One day in March 415, Hypatia (10) …………….. attacked in the street and killed. 0 A. born B. begun C. developed D. grown 1 A. one B. the C. a D. an 2 A. could B. made C. said D. put 3 A. classes B. customs C. opportunities D. teachers 4 A. where B. how C. there D. which 5 A. from B. by C. for D. in 6 A. because B. but C. or D. as 7 A. did B. experimented C. invented D. learnt 8 A. day B. period C. year D. time 9 A. anyone B. nobody C. all D. something 10 A. was B. had C. has D. is COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS Read the passage and answer the questions. There are now more than two dozen Japanese companies in Tyne and Wear in the northeast of England. Many Japanese families now live there. Kimiko Kinoshita Wood came to Britain as a bride six years ago. 'There is much more freedom for women here,' she says. 'It is sometimes difficult for Japanese women to adjust.' For Kimiko, the change was easy because she is a translator and speak English fluently. Also, she has an English husband. 'Attitudes to women are very different,' she says. 'Japanese wives come to Britain and after a while they discover they can have a life of their own outside the home. They don't have that kind of freedom in Japan.' In Japan it is unusual to see men shopping with their wives, helping in the house, or babysitting. But Kimiko's husband, John, a shipping engineer, happily lends a hand with the children. John says that Japanese husbands soon adapt in Britain, and seem to relax more with their families. Education is one thing that worries Kimiko. In Japan, children go to school six days a week and work much harder than English children. Another complaint is that shops don't have many clothes for small women! QUESTIONS: 1. Why did Kimiko come to Britain? ........................................................................................................................... 2. What does she do? ........................................................................................................................... 3. Find one thing that she likes about Britain and one thing she doesn't like so much. ........................................................................................................................... 4. Why was the change easy for Kimiko ? ........................................................................................................................... 5. What is it unusual to see in Japan? ........................................................................................................................... 2.3. TRUE - FALSE TAKING CARE OF YOURSELF Whether or not a person has a happy life is largely a question of health and fitness. If we are not both physically and mentally healthy, we are not happy. A few people are lucky enough to have perfect health, but most of us get sick once in a while. The most common illness is a cold or the flu. Of course, there are many other kinds of illness. Diseases like chicken pox are usually common childhood diseases along with measles and the mumps, while malaria is found only in tropical countries. Also, people in areas with poor sanitation get diseases such as cholera, diphtheria, and typhoid. Cancer and AIDS are both in the news lately, but neither has a known cure. AIDS is a new disease, and prevention is extremely important. Individuals are responsible for making sure they understand the nature of this disease and for taking precautions not to get it. Cancer, which is widespread, is possibly caused at least in part by stress. Other likely causes of cancer are exposure to food additives, nicotine, and other toxic chemicals. Effective handling of stress and good self-awareness are necessary to be psychologically healthy. Alcohol dependency and drug dependency are diseases of both a mental and physical nature and are associated with the inability to deal with life and its problems. Modern urban life presents many health challenges. Large cities often have smog, which seriously harms the lungs. We often have little control over the quality of the air we breathe or the water we drink. Therefore, it is even more important for us to take care of ourselves in order to live a healthier and better life. NEW WORDS: 1. Chicken pox : bệnh thủy đậu 2. Measles : bệnh sởi 3. Mumps : bệnh quai bị 4. Malaria : bệnh sốt rét 5. Cholera : bệnh tả 6. Diphtheria : bệnh bạch hầu 7. Typhoid : bệnh thương hàn 8. Sanitation : vệ sinh TRUE-FALSE : Mark the following True (T) or False (F). T F 1 There is a cure for cancer. X 2 A healthy person is usually a happy person. X 3 Stress is one possible cause of cancer. X 4 Good health means that a person is only physically healthy. X 5 Alcohol dependency has both physical and mental causes. X 6 Malaria is a common childhood disease. X 2.4. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS Rainforests circle the globe for twenty degrees of latitude on both sides of the equator. In that relatively narrow band of the planet, more than half of all the species of plants and animals in the world make their homes. Several hundred different varieties of trees may grow in a single acre, and just one of those trees may be the habitat for more than ten thousand kinds of spiders, ants, and other insects. Unfortunately, half of the world’s rainforests have already been destroyed, and at the current rate, another 25 percent will be lost by the year 2005. Every sixty seconds, one hundred acres of rainforest is being cleared. By the time you finish reading this passage, two hundred acres will be destroyed! When this happens, constant rains erode the former forest floor, and the ecology of the region is altered forever. Thousands of species of plants and animals are condemned to extinction and, since we aren’t able to predict the ramifications of this loss to a delicate global ecology, we don’t know what we may be doing to the future of the human species as well. 1. According to the passage, more than half of all the species of plants and animals A. live in twenty rainforests. B. live in several hundred different varieties of trees. C. live in a forty-degree band of latitude. D. live in areas where the rainforest has been cleared. 2. What is the meaning of the word ‘just’ in line 4? A. fairly B. only C. correctly D. precisely 3. How many of the world’s rainforests are projected to be destroyed if the current rate continues? A. All of them will be gone by the year 2005. B. Three-quarters of them will be gone by the year 2005. C. Half of them will be gone by the year 2005. D. One-quarter of them will be gone by the year 2005. 4. What is the current rate of destruction? A. One acre per minute. B. One acre per second. C. One hundred acres per minute. D. Two hundred acres per hour. 5. What will NOT happen if the rainforest continues to be cleared? A. The land will be eroded by the rains. B. Many species of plants and animals that depend on the rain forests will become extinct. C. The future of the human species may be changed. D. The rainforest will grow, but at a much slower rate. 2.5. READING – GAP-FILLING : 2.5.1. Fill each of the numbered spaces with a suitable word. One word only is required in each space. consists enabling except ideal involves keeping litter necessary normal piles preserve provide for spaces where which without Conservation is the protection and wise management of the environment. People practice conservation so that the environment .. PROVIDE FOR……. (1) their needs and the needs of all other living things. … WITHOUT… (2) conservation, all the resources …… NECESSARY ..… (3) for life – air, animals, energy, minerals, plants, soil, and water - would be damaged, wasted, or destroyed. Conservation also … INVOLVES … (4) a concern for the quality of the environment, so that people can enjoy living. It means … KEEPING … (5) the environment comfortable and safe - and in interesting, stimulating place in … WHICH …… (6) to live. A healthy environment includes clean streets and highways, with open … SPACES … (7) in cities for parks and playgrounds. … IDEAL … (8) surroundings mean landscapes free of junk and … LITTER … (9). They include wilderness regions … WHERE …… (10) animals and plants can be safe from destruction by human beings. 2.5.2. Tourism has become very big .................... (1). For Spain, Italy and Greece it is the largest …………........ (2) of foreign exchange, and ........................ (3) for Britain, it is the fourth. Faced ..................... (4) this huge new source of income, …………...... (5) government can afford to look down on the business; questions of hotel bathrooms, beach umbrellas and ice-cream sales are .................. (6) discussed by ministers of tourism with solemn expertise. Before the Second World War the tourist industry was widely ...................... (7) as being unmanly and frivolous. But tourism .................. (8) blazed new trails, as armies ...................... (9) to do; in Spain, Italy, Greece and much of Eastern Europe, new ................... (10) systems have opened up the country, ……………….. (11) to tourists, and then to industry and locals. .................... (12) of tourism is a nationalized industry, a key ……………..... (13) of national planning. In Languedoc, west …………....... (14) Marseilles, the French government is killing the mosquitoes and building six big resorts, to ……………....... (15) nearly a million tourists. In Eastern Europe, a .................... (16) new seaside culture has sprung up ……………………… (17) the last few years: the governments are patrons of leisure. Tourists from the west ...................... (18) from half a million four years ……………….... (19) to nearly two million last year - ......................... (20) most visible breach in the iron curtain. Phần D : WRITING (VIếT) 1. Dựng câu có hướng dẫn (Guided Sentence Building) 1. We / visit / College / found / 1890. ..................................................................................................... 2. When / phone / ring / she / write / letter. ...................................................................................................... 3. I / arrive / Paris / but / I / not be able / find / your house. ......................................................................................................... 4. I / wonder / why you / not / reply / last / letter. ................................................................................................................ 5. Remember / you / stay / me / any time / want / Paris. .............................................................................................................. 6. The play / be / dull / he / fall / asleep. .............................................................................................................. 7. Next time / I / book / seat / plane. ............................................................................................................. 8. When we / be / far apart / he / always / send me flowers. ............................................................................................................. 9. Would you / like / me / take / flowers / your girl? ............................................................................................................... 10. I / wish / I / be / nicer / my parents / when I / be / younger. ............................................................................................................. Viết lại câu (Re-writing/ sentence transformation) Finish each of the following sentences so that it means exactly the same as the sentence above it. EXAMPLE: During the course of his studies, he became ill. ANSWER: While he was studying, he became ill. 1. I didn't know you were coming, so I didn't wait for you. ỉ If … I had known you were comimg, I would have waited for you. 2. She had hardly begun to speak before people started interrupting her. ỉ Hardly... had she begun to speak when/ before people started interrupting her. 3. I'm sorry now that I asked her to stay. ỉ Now I wish ... I had not asked her to stay. 4. You will only be able to find the answers when you have read the report in detail. ỉ Only .... when you have read the report in detai lwill you be able to find the answers. 5. It took a long time for them to decide to get married. ỉ They ... decided to get married after a long time. 6. He is a man of extreme honesty. ỉ He is extremely honest . 7. If you had not helped, I should not have been able to find my way. ỉ Without .... your help, I should not have been able to find my way. 8. I do physical training because I want to keep fit. ỉ I do physical training in ... order to keep fit. 9. The sea was so cold that we couldn't swim. ỉ The sea was too ... cold for us to swim . 10. It hasn't rained here for a month. ỉ It last ... rained here a month ago . Chú ý : Các cấu trúc chủ yếu sử dụng trong phần viết sẽ có hướng dẫn riêng bằng POWER POINT. Phần E : translation (Dịch) Bài thi sẽ có 10 câu dịch : 05 câu từ tiếng Anh sang tiếng Việt và 05 câu từ tiếng Việt sang tiếng Anh. Các câu dịch sẽ sử dụng phần lớn các từ, cấu trúc đã hướng dẫn trong phần Đọc hiểu, Ngữ pháp và phần Viết. bộ giáo dục và đào tạo trờng Đại học nông nghiệp I –&— đề thi tuyển sinh sau đại học năm 2005 Môn thi : tiếng Anh, Đề Số 301 Thời gian làm bài : 120 phút Họ và tên thí sinh : Ngày tháng năm sinh : Nơi sinh : Số báo danh : Ngày thi : 07/5/2005 Chữ ký Giám thị 1 Chữ ký Giám thị 2 Số phách " ================================================ Điểm Số phách Bằng số Bằng chữ Part I: reading SECTION A: Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence by circling the letter next to the word that best fits each space. Give one answer only to each question. (15 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) 1. Can you ................ the papers with you when you come to see me, please ? A. bring B. collect C. take D. get 2. I don't feel well - but I don't know what's matter .................. me. A. of B. for C. to D. with 3. It is too early in the .................. to expect many visitors to the town. A. term B. season C. time D. calendar 4. If you're not tired we could have a ................. of tennis after dinner. A. match B. play C. game D. party 5. She can't get home ............... she has no money. A. unless B. if C. until D. without 6. The water company will have to ................. off water supplies while repairs to the pipes are carried out. A. cut B. take C. break D. set 7. Can you tell me the ................. of these shoes ? A. charge B. price C. amount D. expense 8. .............. accepting your job offer, I'd like to know a bit more about the company. A. In advance B. In order C. Until D. Before 9. If you wish to take photographs you'll have to have ....................... . A. an application B. an allowance C. a permit D. an admission 10. ................. is a complete mystery how they ever got there in that car. A. There B. It C. That D. This 11. Come ............... children! Get your coats on or you'll be late for school. A. to B. across C. along D. over 12. She tried to prevent the dog ............. running into the road. A. from B. to C. against D. for 13. My main .................. to the new road is that it will spoil the countryside. A. object B. objection C. objective D. objecting 14. You'd better leave for the airport now ............... there's a lot of traffic on the way. A. in fact B. in time C. in order D. in case 15. Because it had not rained for several months, there was a ............... of water. A. shortage B. drop C. scarce D. waste SECTION B: reading passages Passage 1: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: (7,5 điểm, mỗi câu 1,5 điểm) THE EFECTS OF TSUNAMI On December twenty-sixth last year, a powerful earthquake sent waves across southern Asia and eastern Africa. At least one hundred sixty thousand people in eleven countries were killed. Many more lost their homes. Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand suffered the most damage. Many health officials warned about the possible spread of diseases after the tsunami waves (sóng thần) in the Indian Ocean in December. W.H.O. officials say international efforts to provide clean water have helped limit the spread of infections. So have shipments of medicine and mosquito-control supplies. But the W.H.O. says people are still at great risk of diseases such as cholera (bệnh tả), malaria and dengue fever (sốt xuất huyết). Dengue fever and malaria are spread by the bite of mosquitoes. Cholera is an intestinal infection (bệnh đường ruột) spread through water polluted with bacteria. Another big concern involves the emotional condition of tsunami survivors. Experts say stress-related disorders such as fear or depression can continue for several years if people do not get help. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS Answer the following questions: 16. What happened on December the twenty-sixth last year? (On December the twenty-sixth last year,) a powerful earthquake sent waves across southern Asia and eastern Africa. 17. What were the losses? At least one hundred sixty thousand people in eleven countries were killed. Many more lost their homes. 18. What are international efforts for? International efforts are to provide clean water to limit the spread of infections. 19. How are the diseases spread in the tsunami-hit areas? Dengue fever and malaria are spread by the bite of mosquitoes. Cholera is spread through water polluted with bacteria. 20. What is the emotional condition of tsunami survivors? They suffer from stress-related disorders such as fear or depression. Passage 2 : Read the article below and circle the letter next to the word that fits each space. D. EXAMPLE: The reception desk is on the ground ……………….. . A. level B. side C. area floor SAMUEL PEPYS (10 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) The most famous diary in English was written by Samuel Pepys. It gives a detailed and interesting (21) …………. of everyday life in England (22) ……………. 1660 and 1669. Pepys writes about important news stories of the time, like disease, an enemy nay (23) …………….. up the River Thames and the Great Fire of London. He also writes about himself, even about his (24) ……………….. – he often slept during church or (25) ………………… at the pretty girls. He describes his home life – a (26) ………………. With his wife and how they became friends again, his worry about her illness. As well as books, he liked music, the theatre, card (27) ……………. , and parties with good and (28) ……………….. of fun. Pepys was a busy man who had many important (29) ……………… - he was Member of Parliament and President of the Royal Society. He is also (30) ………………. For his work for the British Navy. 21. A. description B. letter C. notice D. story 22. A. between B. from C. through D. to 23. A. driving B. flying C. running D. sailing 24. A. accidents B. plans C. dreams D. faults 25. A. looked B. prayed C. talked D. thought 26. A. conversation B. discussion C. quarrel D. talk- 27. A. battles B. games C. matches D. plays 28. A. amount B. plenty C. much D. some 29. A. acts B. hobbies C. jobs D. studies 30. A. reviewed B. remembered C. reminded D. reported Passage 3: Read the following passage and look at Questions 31-35 then decide whetherthe statements are True (T) or False (F) by marking the right box with a tick ( P ). (7,5 điểm, mỗi câu 1,5 điểm) When two people each have goods the other wants, they can make a simple trade in a transaction known as battering (trao đổi hàng húa). Indeed, this is how people and even countries conducted business for many years. Because this system was not entirely satisfactory, banks and governments began to make coins which served as an exchangeable equivalent for these goods and services. The earliest coins were made of precious metals such as silver and gold. The value of these metals was fixed and agreed upon internationally. A gold standard was established, and most international payments were made in gold. The United States abolished the gold standard in 1934. After World War II, a new international monetary system was established True False 31 The passage establishes that the existence of gold has been known for a long time. x 32 The passage establishes that battering is not practiced today at all. x 33 The passage implies that gold and silver are not the only metals considered to be precious. x 34 The passage implies that coins from gold and silver preceded coins made from other metals. x 35 The passage implies that World War II had something to do with why the gold standard was dropped. x Passage 4: Read the following passage and choose the right answer by circling the suitable letter A,B,C, or D in the Questions 36-40. DRINKING TEA (5 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) All around the world, people drink tea. But tea does not mean the same thing to everyone. In different countries people have very different ideas about drinking tea. In China for example, tea is always served when people get together. The Chinese drink it at any time of day, at home or in teahouses. They prefer their tea plain, with nothing else in it. Tea is also important in Japan. The Japanese have a special way of serving tea called a tea ceremony. It is very old and full of meaning. Everything must be done in a special way in the ceremony. There is even a special room for it in Japanese homes. Another drinking country is England. In England, the late afternoon is “teatime”. Almost everyone has a cup of tea then. The English usually make tea in a teapot and drink it with cream and sugar. They also eat cakes, cookies and little sandwiches at teatime. In the United States, people drink tea mostly for breakfast or after meals. Americans usually use tea bags to make their tea. Tea bags are faster and easier than making tea in teapots. In summer, many Americans drink cold tea – “iced tea”. They sometimes drink iced tea from cans, like soda. 36. This passage is about A. Chinese tea B. how tea is important C. English teatime D. different ways of drinking tea in different countries 37. The Chinese drink tea A. for breakfast B. in a special ceremony C. when they get together D. only in teahouses 38. The tea ceremony is A. kind of Japanese tea B. a special way of serving tea in Japan C. kind of restaurant D. special time of the afternoon 39. Teatime in England is A. in the evening B. in the morning C. after dinner D. in the afternoon 40. Americans usually A. make tea in teapots B. drink tea in restaurants C. make tea from tea bags D. do not drink tea SECTION C: GAP-FILLING Choose the correct word or phrase from the list below to fill each of the numbered blanks in the passage. (10 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) by smoking members of because can to smoke cigarettes nicotine on membership each must there tobacco SMOKING ..... Experts say tobacco smoke also affects the health of (41) .. PEOPLE... who do not smoke. Smokers may harm the health of family (42) ... MEMBERS .. and people at work. Tobacco smoke causes an estimated three-thousand non-smoking Americans to die (43) .... OF .... lung cancer each year. Tobacco smoke also causes lung infections in as many as three-hundred-thousand American children (44) ... EACH... year. The American Cancer Society says (45) .. THERE... is no safe way to smoke. It says (46) ...SMOKING ... begins to cause damage immediately. All cigarettes (47) ... CAN ... damage the body. Smoking even a small number of cigarettes is dangerous. Nicotine is the major substance in (48) .. CIGARETTES ... that gives pleasure to smokers. (49) ... NOCOTINE ... is a poison. The American Cancer Society says nicotine can kill a person when taken in large amounts. It does this (50) ... BY ... stopping the muscles used for breathing. Part II: writing SECTION D: GUIDED SENTENCE BUILDING (15 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) Make all the changes and additions necessary to produce complete sentences. Write each sentence in the space provided: EXAMPLE: I/be very surprised/receive/letter/you/this morning ANSWER: ỉ I was very surprised to receive a letter from you this morning 51. Weather/play/important/role/agriculture/production. ỉ The weather plays an important role in agricultural production. 52. Acupuncture (châm cứu)/ probably/help/give up/smoking. ỉ Acupuncture can probably help give up smoking . 53. There/be/no rain/past/three weeks. ỉ There has been no rain for/in the past three weeks. 54. Never/I/do/such/foolish thing/my life. ỉ Never have I done such a foolish thing in my life . 55. It/ take/ I / two /week/ complete/ essay . ỉ It took me two weeks to complete the essay. 56. If/ not/ rain/ last / weekend/ we/ go/ the sea. ỉ If it had not rained last weekend we would have gone to the sea. 57. I/ prefer/ you/ not/ smoke/ classroom . ỉ I prefer you not to smoke in the classroom. 58. It/ be/ necessary/he/ stop/ watch/ television/ all/ day. ỉ It is necessary for him to stop watching television all day. 59. Although/she/ work/ hard/ she /fail/ exam. ỉ Although she (had) worked hard, she failed at the exam. 60. Unless/ he/ apologize/ we/ never/ invite/ he/ our party. ỉ Unless he apologizes, we will never invite him to our party. SECTION E: RE-WRITING (15 điểm, mỗi câu 1,5 điểm) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it. EXAMPLE: They'll do the job by Friday. ANSWER: The job will be done by Friday. 61. He was driving so fast that he was stopped by the police. ỉ The police stopped him as he was driving so/too fast. / .... for driving too fast. 62. The holiday is so expensive. I don’t think I can go. ỉ It’s such an expensive holiday that we cannot go. 63. Lan is a better cook than Tâm. ỉ Tâm can’t cook as well as Lan. 64. I am grateful that you have sent me the book. ỉ Thank you for having sent me the book. 65. Please, do not smoke in the plane. ỉ Passengers are requested not to smoke in the plane. 66. I haven’t gone to the theatre for two years. ỉ The last time I went to the theatre was two years ago. 67. Nam asked Bắc how long Bắc had worked as a teacher at the University. ỉ “How long have you worked as a teacher at the University, Bắc ?’”, Nam asked . 68. Although it was raining heavily, we still went for a picnic. ỉ In spite of the rain we still went for a picnic. 69. Nam is too young to see action films. ỉ Nam is not old/mature enough to see action films . 70. The question was so confusing that she could not give the right answer . ỉ The question was too confusing for her to give the right answer . Section F: translation (15 điểm, mỗi câu 1,5 điểm) English - Vietnamese : 71. For many years, scientists have warned that smoking tobacco is bad for your health. Yet people around the world continue to smoke.. Từ nhiều năm nay, các nhà khoa học đã cảnh báo rằng hút thuốc có hại cho sức khỏe. Tuy nhiên, nhiều người trên thế giới vẫn tiếp tục hút thuốc. 72. A new study suggests that very young children who watch a lot of television may have attention problems later in school. Một công trình nghiên cứu mới nêu lên là trẻ em còn ít tuổi mà xem vô tuyến nhiều thì sau này khi đi học có thể sẽ gặp vấn đề thiếu tập trung/ gặp khó khăn khi tập trung nghe giảng. 73. Important rice growing areas of Sri Lanka were also hit hard by the tsunami waves. Những khu vực trồng lúa quan trọng ở Sri Lanka cũng bị sóng thần tàn phá nặng nề/ cũng bị thiệt hại nặng trong đợt sóng thần. 74. Scientists say many of the areas where the environment is most quickly being damaged are among the world’s poorest areas. . Các nhà khoa học nói rằng các khu vực nơi môi trường đang bị phá hoại nhanh nằm trong số những khu vực nghèo nhất trên thế giới. 75. Modern agriculture depends heavily on engineering and technology and on the biological and physical sciences. Nông nghiệp hiện đại lệ thuộc nhiều vào ngành cơ khí và công nghệ và vào các ngành khoa học vật lý và sinh học. Vietnamese - English 76. Liên hợp quốc quyết định lấy ngày 22 tháng Ba là Ngày Thế giới về Nước. The United Nations decided March the Twenty-second the World Water Day. 77. Tổ chức Y tế Thế giới đang kêu gọi các chính phủ cần cố gắng hơn nữa để kiểm soát bệnh cúm gà The World Health Organization are calling on governments for more/further efforts to control the bird flu. 78. Bỏ hẳn thuốc lá không phải là chuyện dễ It is not easy to stop/to give up smoking permanently. 79. Gạo, thực phẩm chính ở Việt Nam, một thời đã phải nhập khẩu, nhưng nay lại được xuất khẩu. Rice, the main food in Vietnam, was once imported but is now exported. 80. Hiện nay trên thế giới có khoảng một tỉ người không được dùng nước sạch. About one billion people in the world/worldwide are currently/now living without safe drinking water. The End bộ giáo dục và đào tạo trờng Đại học nông nghiệp I –&— đề thi tuyển sinh sau đại học năm 2005 Môn thi : tiếng Anh, Đề Số 303 Thời gian làm bài : 120 phút Họ và tên thí sinh : Ngày tháng năm sinh : Nơi sinh : Số báo danh : Ngày thi : 07/5/2005 Chữ ký Giám thị 1 Chữ ký Giám thị 2 Số phách " ======================================== Điểm Số phách Bằng số Bằng chữ Part I: reading SECTION A: Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence by circling the letter next to the word that best fits each space. Give one answer only to each question. (15 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) 1. My brother is busy ………….. his exercises. A. doing B. in doing C. at writing D. to write 2. She ……………….. for a job for months before she found one. A. was looking B. looked C. would have been looking D. had been looking 3. If they had enough money, they ……………… that house. A. would buy B. will buy C. bought D. buy 4. I must go to the laundry and ………………….. my washing. A. bring B. clean C. collect D. carry 5. My brother did not go to school yesterday. Neither …………… . A. went I B. did I C. I did D. I went 6. “When did you come here?” - “ I ……………… here since last Sunday.” A. have been B. was C. have D. had been 7. We did not go to the cinema yesterday ………………… it was raining. A. if B. unless C. for D. because 8. Students should answer five of the …………………. ten questions. A. below B. following C. under D. added 9. Those people are working ………………… . A. hard B. hardly C. hardily D. hardness 10. Did he tell you how much ……………………. ? A. does the book cost B. did the book cost C. the book costs D. the book cost 11. We shall have to hurry or we shall ………………. the bus. A. catch B. delay C. miss D. wait 12. ……………….. all his problems, he never allowed himself to lose heart. A. As for B. Despite C. Nevertheless D. Granted 13. This is the best play …………………. I have ever seen. A. where B. what C. when D. that 14. She did not ………………. the gift. She turned it down. A. except B. accept C. expect D. excerpt 15. It was ………………….. bad weather that we could not go out. A. very B. so C. too D. such SECTION B: reading passages Passage 1: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: THE EFECTS OF TSUNAMI (5 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) On December twenty-sixth last year, a powerful earthquake sent waves across southern Asia and eastern Africa. At least one hundred sixty thousand people in eleven countries were killed. Many more lost their homes. Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand suffered the most damage. Many health officials warned about the possible spread of diseases after the tsunami waves (sóng thần) in the Indian Ocean in December. W.H.O. officials say international efforts to provide clean water have helped limit the spread of infections. So have shipments of medicine and mosquito-control supplies. But the W.H.O. says people are still at great risk of diseases such as cholera (bệnh tả), malaria and dengue fever (sốt xuất huyết). Dengue fever and malaria are spread by the bite of mosquitoes. Cholera is an intestinal infection (bệnh đường ruột) spread through water polluted with bacteria. Another big concern involves the emotional condition of tsunami survivors. Experts say stress-related disorders such as fear or depression can continue for several years if people do not get help. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS Answer the following questions: 16. What happened on December the twenty-sixth last year? (On December the twenty-sixth last year,) a powerful earthquake sent waves across southern Asia and eastern Africa. 17. What were the losses? At least one hundred sixty thousand people in eleven countries were killed. Many more lost their homes. 18. What are international efforts for? International efforts are to provide clean water to limit the spread of infections. 19. How are the diseases spread in the tsunami-hit areas? Dengue fever and malaria are spread by the bite of mosquitoes. Cholera is spread through water polluted with bacteria. 20. What is the emotional condition of tsunami survivors? They suffer from stress-related disorders such as fear or depression Passage 2 : Read the passage below and circle the letter next to the word that best fits each space : (10 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) Read the article below and circle the letter next to the word that fits each space. EXAMPLE: The …………….. between the acts was twenty minutes long. B. A. time interval C. space D. pause “The Moon Trap” is a new film made by a young Canadian (21) …………… called Melvin Strang. The main parts in the film are (22) ………………. by Sid Cheung and Julie Plein who last appeared in “Music For Ever”. In this new film (23) ………………….. star as a young married couple who buy an old house in the country. After living there (24) ……………………. A few weeks strange things begin to happen. Some of the furniture in the house disappears and can’t be (25) ………………. ; windows break and pictures fall off walls. At night they (26) …………………….. crying noises, and when the moon is up loud screams can be heard from the woods nearby. As you might expect, the young couple try to discover the (27) …………………. For all these strange events and this leads them into some very frightening situations. (28) ………………… you are easily scared don’t go and see this film! But if you enjoy films with (29) ………………… of adventure and murder (30) ……………….. this is the film for you. 21. A. actor B. leader C. director D. manager 22. A. played B. given C. made D. put 23. A. the B. they C. she D. them 24. A. since B. from C. for D. by 25. A. taken B. moved C. made D. found 26. A. hear B. make C. seem D. sound 27. A. way B. course C. reason D. use 28. A. Why B. If C. How D. Because 29. A. lots B. much C. many D. all 30. A. as B. when C. than D. then Passage 3 : Read the following text and look at Questions 31-40 to decide if each statement is TRUE or FALSE. (10 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) SELECTIVE REFLECTION (pHảN Xạ/CHIếU CHọN LọC) We can see an object only when a light shines on it. The surface of a particular object will absorb some of this light’s wavelengths (bước súng) and reflect others. This process is known as selective reflection. The colour we see is the colour that is reflected. To illustrate this, let us consider the colours of a tree. The leaves appear green because all other wavelengths of the light hitting them are absorbed (hấp thụ). The trunk of a tree appears brown because brown is the only wavelength which is reflected. The only two colours we see that are not the product of selective reflection are black and white. When a surface absorbs all the wavelengths of a light source, that surface appears black. When it absorbs none, it appears white. True False 31 The passage defines wavelengths. x 32 The passage explains why some surfaces absorb certain wavelengths and reflects others. x 33 The word “selective” implies that only some wavelengths are reflected. x 34 Leaves look green to us because this colour is absorbed while all others are reflected. x 35 The trunk of a tree appears brown because this colour is reflected. x 36 White does not reflect light selectively; it reflects all lightwaves. x 37 An object will appear black because no wavelengths are reflected. x 38 An object will appear white when all the colours from a light source are reflected from that object’s surface. x 39 The six basic colours: red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet are probably all subject to the selective reflection process. x 40 The page of this Test Paper reflects all the light that is shining on it, but the words on the page absorb all the light. x Passage 4: Read the following passage and choose the right answer by circling the suitable letter A,B,C, or D space in the Questions 41-45. THE NOBEL PRIZE (5 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) After inventing dynamite, Swedish-born Alfred Nobel became a very rich man. However, he foresaw its universally destructive power too late. Nobel preferred not to be remembered as the inventor of dynamite, so in 1895, just two weeks before his death, he created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to people who had made worthwhile contributions to mankind. Originally there were five awards: literature, physics, chemistry, medicine, and peace. Economics was added in 1968, just sixty-seven years after the first awards ceremony. Nobel’s original legacy of nine million dollars was invested, and the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from $30,000 to $125,000. Every year on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel’s death, the awards (gold medal, illuminated diplomas, and money) are presented to the winners. Sometimes politics plays an important role in the judges’ decisions. Americans have won numerous science awards, but relatively few literature prizes. No awards were presented from 1940 to 1942 at the beginning of World War II. Some people have won two prizes, but this rare; others have shared their prizes. 41. When did the first award ceremony take place? A. 1895 B. 1901 C. 1962 D. 1968 42. Why was the Nobel Prize established? A. to recognize worthwhile contributions to humanity. B. to resolve political differences. C. to honour the inventor of dynamite. D. to spend money. 43. Which area have Americans received the most awards? A. literature B. peace C. economics D. science 44. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Awards vary in monetary value. B. Ceremonies are held on December 10 to commemorate Nobel’s invention. C. Politics can play an important role in selecting the winners. D. A few individuals have won two awards. 45. In how many fields are prizes bestowed? A. 2 B. 5 C. 6 D. 10 SECTION C: GAP-FILLING (10 điểm, mỗi câu 1 điểm) Choose the correct word or phrase for each space from the list below. THE INTERNATIONAL DECADE FOR ACTION WATER FOR LIFE 2005–2015 Tuesday, March 22, marked World Water Day, and (46) ....PEOPLE.... around the world participated in many special activities. Events (47) .... THIS ... year included an art competition in Brunei, a walkathon in Canada, training (48) .. FOR... teachers and workshops in India, a showing of water films in Indonesia and a gathering of students at a lake in Italy. This year, World Water Day launches the United Nations (49) .. INTERNATIONAL ... Decade for Action under the motto "Water for Life". The first water decade, designated by the United Nations from 1981-1990, brought (50) .. WATER ... to more than one billion people and sanitation to almost 770 million. The (51) . DECADE... between 2005 and 2015 are critical years to focus global attention on what should be obvious: water for (52) ... LIFE ... . Apart from demonstrating your personal commitment to organizing events around World Water Day, it is going to be vital to make 2005 and leading up to 2015 remarkable years in ensuring (53) ... THAT ... everyone is aware of the urgency of the goals to (54) .. BE ... achieved. Every event and every voice on (55) ... EVERY .... occasion will be vital in ensuring new energy and commitment to turning the tide on a situation we can no longer abide. Part II: writing SECTION D: GUIDED SENTENCE BUILDING (15 điểm, mỗi câu 1,5 điểm) Make all the changes and additions necessary to produce complete sentences. Write each sentence in the space provided: EXAMPLE: I/be very surprised/receive/letter/you/this morning ANSWER: ỉ I was very surprised to receive a letter from you this morning 56. It/ be/ difficult/ read / your/ handwriting. ỉ It is difficult to read your handwriting . 57. I/ be/ sorry/ keep/ you/ wait. You/ wait / I / long ? ỉ I am sorry to keep you waiting. Have you been waiting for me long? 58. We/ find/ it / hard / understand / spoken English. ỉ We find it hard to understand spoken English . 59. We / watch / television / light / go out. ỉ We were watching television when the light went out. We / finish / assignment / by / time / teacher / come / tomorrow. ỉ We will have finished our assignment by the time the teacher comes tomorrow. They / go / sea / last week/ but / they / not / swim/ it / be /too/ cold. ỉ They went to the sea last week but they did not swim as it as too cold. 62. Tâm/ miss /the flight / because / he / car / break down/ way/ airport. ỉ Tâm missed the flight because his car broke/had broken down on the way to the airport. 63. He / ask / we / language / we / speak. ỉ He asked us what/which language we spoke. 64. Unless / he/ apologize/ we / never/ forgive/ he. ỉ Unless he apologies we will never forgive him. 65. Hardly/ they/ talk/ he / he/ arrive. ỉ Hardly had they talked about him when he arrived. SECTION E: RE-WRITING (15 điểm, mỗi câu 1,5 điểm) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it. EXAMPLE: They'll do the job by Friday. ANSWER: The job will be done by Friday. 66. I haven't been to see them for over a year. ỉ It's over a year since we (last) saw them. 67. She had hardly begun to speak before people started interrupting her. ỉ Hardly had she begun to speak when people started interrupting her . 68. I only realized what I had missed when they told me about it later. ỉ Only when they told me about it later did I realize what I had missed. 69. There was no need for you to have gone to all that trouble. ỉ You needn’t have gone to all that trouble. 70. The garden is too small to play football in. ỉ The garden isn’t large/big enough to play football in. 71. Smoking tobacco is the leading cause of lung disease. ỉ It is said/believed that smoking tobacco is the leading cause of lung disease . 72. People can raise sheep for their meat. ỉ Sheep can be raised for (their) meat. 73. If we can solve the problem soon, it will be better for all concerned. ỉ The sooner we can solve the problem, the better it will be for all concerned. 74. When did you start working here? ỉ How long ago did you start working here? 75. He speaks English more fluently than his brother. ỉ He is a fluenter speaker of English than his brother. Section F: translation (15 điểm, mỗi câu 1,5 điểm) English - Vietnamese : 76. March 22 marks the annual observance of U.N. World Water Day and the beginning of a U.N decade of action called "Water for Life." ỉ Ngày 22 tháng Ba được tổ chức hàng năm là ngàyThế giới về Nước của Liên hợp quốc và mở đầu cho một thập kỷ hành động của Liên hợp quốc lấy tên là “Nước cho sự sống”. 77. The Food and Agriculture Organization has estimated that two million people in twelve countries in southern Asia and eastern Africa will need food aid after the tsunami waves. ỉ Tổ chức Nông Lương đã dự báo sau trận sóng thần hai triệu người dân ở 12 quốc gia Nam á và Đông Phi sẽ cần viện trợ lương thực. 78. Southeast Asian meals typically are served with all dishes placed on the table at once, rather than sequenced in courses. ỉ Các bữa ăn ở các quốc gia Đông Nam á thường được dọn với tất cả món ăn bầy cùng một lỳc trên bàn, chứ không đưa ra lần lượt từng món. 79. Some plants provide food and protection for insects that help control harmful insects. ỉ Một số loài cây cung cấp thức ăn và che chở cho những côn trùng giúp ta kiểm soát các côn trùng có hại/ sâu hại. 80. Scientists have found that sixty percent of the world’s ecosystems are being harmed by human actions.  These include fishing too much and clearing land to grow crops. ỉ Các nhà khoa học nhận thấy 60% hệ sinh thái trên thế giới đang bị hủy hoại bởi hành động của con người. Những hành động này bao gồm việc đánh bắt cá quá mức và phát quang đất để trồng trọt/canh tác. Vietnamese - English 81. Các nước Châu á sản xuất khoảng 90% lượng gạo trên thế giới.. ỉ Asian countries produce about 90 percent of the rice grown in the world. 82. Liên hợp quốc nói rằng cần có hành động để ngăn chặn việc hủy hoại môi trường. ỉ The United Nations says action is needed to prevent damage to the environment. 83. An toàn thực phẩm hiện đang là một vấn đề bức xúc ở Việt Nam. ỉ Food safety/security is currently/ at present an urgent/ a pressing problem in Vietnam. 84. Đã có báo cáo về một số trường hợp vi-rút cúm gà lan từ người này sang người khác. ỉ There have already been reports of a number of cases where the bird flu virus spread from one person to another. 85. Người ta tin là trận động đất mạnh ở Nam á và Đông Phi tháng 12 năm ngoái đã khiến trên một trăm ngàn người bị thiệt mạng. ỉ It is believed that the powerful earthquake in/across southern Asia and eastern Africa last December caused the deaths of more than one hundred thousand people. The End

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