Đề tài Overview of the Kremlin

After 3 weeks rearching, we finished our assignment. We feell very satisfield with it. There are 10 pages in our final assignment. Every part is very clear and easy. Besides it, for our assignment, there are overall the Kremlin is a wonderful place to visit as you really do get a felling of the power that has come from these buildings throughout history. It’s isn’t very difficult for us to do this assignment. Because we gain a lot of valuable skills and experience from the assignment. And my partner and I understand each other very much. Especially, we received carefully helping from our teacher. That’s some advantages of doing it. But there are some disavantages such as: vocabulary, time the teacher don’t accept copying. So, we spent a lot of times translating that into English from Vietnamese. At that time, we have to take different exams. We’re really stressfull. Although we try our best, our assignment isn’t good as we expected. So, we hope that the teachers give useful advices to us to complete it more effectively. Generally speaking, this is really English learning method for tourism students. It brings us a lot of of benefits. It helps us gain more knowledge in tourism, history, art Notonly in Viet Nam but also in the world This is also a chance for us to learn to work in pairs effectively, how to support each other which all will be useful for our future carreer. As for me, doing assignment isn’t very difficult! We highly recommend this method. Thank the teacher for helping us to finish this assignment so much!!!

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HA NOI OPEN UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF TOURISM ASSIGNMENT 2B WORLD WONDERS THE KREMLIN CLASS : A2K15 GROUP MEMBERS : 1. LÊ THỊ THU HUYỀN 2. TRẦN DIỆU HUYỀN HA NOI _ JUNE 2008 OVERVIEW OF THE KREMLIN TABLE OF CONTENTS PART A : INTRODUCTION……………………………………….4 PART B : BODY……………………………………………………..5 PART C : CONCLUSION…………………………………………..11 PART D : RECOMMENDATIONS………………………………..11 SOURCE: A - INTRODUCTION. In the 2A course, we did an assignment called “Book Report”. It helps us to improve reading comprehension, note-taking skills, report writing skills. Besides, it also widen our knowledge about tourism. And in the 2B course, we have to do assignment called “World Wonder”. This is a extremely effeetive to learn English. So, what is “World Wonder” assignment ? It’s report which is to be a minium of 6 A4-sized pages in length about a World wonder. For this assignment, students have to work in group of two. There are two member of our group: LE THI THU HUYEN TRAN DIEU HUYEN Our assignment includes 3 main parts: the introduction, the body and the conclution. In addition to a little photograph, table of contents, back cover and recommendations…ect……… As you know, there are many World Wonders such as: the Great Pyramid Of Giza, the Hanging Garden Of Babylon, the Statue Of Zeus at Olympia, the Great Wall Of China……. And Moscow Kremlin is one of that World Wonders. Kremlin is the stronghold of Moscow and its historical center. To get here by public transportation you can take the light green line to Teatralnaya or the line to Okhotny Ryad, or the dark blue line to Ploshchad Revolutsii. The Kremlin has been built and rebuilt since the time that Moscow was first mentioned in writing in 1147. It once had white walls that was in 14th century. In the end of the 15 century Kremlin was totally rebuilt and most of its current appearance dates to that time. Moscow Kremlin fortress was one of the most fortified in Europe, even more than the ones in Milan and Krakow. The red bick walls with 20 towers were never captured bt the enemies. Nowadays Kremlin palace is an official resideuce of the President of Russian Federation. All that reasons prove that the Kremlin is a World Wonder!!! CHIEF EDITOR LE THI THU HUYEN TRAN DIEU HUYEN B - BODY THE KREMLIN INTRODUCTION OF RUSSIA WHERE THE KREMLIN IS LOCATED The Kremlin is located in the centre of Moscow in Russia. Russia is the largest country on the world, stretches out from Eastern Europe to the bank of Pacific Ocean. The area of Moscow is about 17.075.4900 km2, approximately equals to the total area of America and China. The population of Russia ranks number 8 over the world, after China, India, America, Indo, Brazil, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Russia has the low average density of population, crowded in Ural and the South east of Silberi. Russia is the country of 160 nationalities. Visiting Russia, you should go to Moscow first - the capital of Russia. Then you should go to Kremlin - the symbol of Russia. Nowadays, Kremlin is one of the most ancient museums in the world. Near Kremlin is Red Square, a complex of unique architectures, a symbol and a precious stone in Russia.You can see Lenin Mausoleum in this complex. Then, you should visit Moscow Metrol - an underground palace - the metrol. It is the most famous modern underground of the world. Away from Moscow 600km is Saint Petecbua, the city of tourism and famous architecture. Besides, in Russia, there are some beautiful sports: Elbrus mountain, Kamchatka waterfall, Baikal lake, Petergof in Saint Peterburg, Vasily Blazlvennyi church….. Russian foods: famous specialties food in Russia is black bread and vodka. Almost Russian foods are cooked in soup and have lots of butter. Russia is also famous for smoked out meat, tuna, sasulut, Russian cake with fish egg, cool soup, salad... II- HISTORY OF THE KREMLIN The Kremlin is known as one of the most famous wonders of the world. It is located in the centre of Moscow and is the symbol of this city. In Russian, "Kremlin" means "Inside the city". The Kremlin stand outs with splendid architecture. It can be said that the Kremlin is among the largest museum all over the world. It has some petitions, clothing of Russian Kings, which are used in important events, and also their precious symbols, property are preserved in cathedrals. The Kremlin was constructed in traditional architecture of Russia. It was built in 1156, a wooden architecture at first, like a small city. Cathedral is the main architecture of Kremlin. It was built in red stone, with the association of many Italian architects. Kremlin has the triangle shape, with the area of 275.000 m2. The wall of Kremlin was paved with red stone. At the peak of 5 highest towers, there are 5-branch star,which is made of red quarzt, has the diameter of about 6m. Whether day or night, these stars always sparkle in the Moscow sky. Kremlin is one of the greatest buildings- a wonder - an invincible palace of Russia. III- LEGENDS ASSOCIATED WITH THE KREMLIN: “KREMLIN’S SECRET TUNNEL”. In the 16th century, Ivan Emperor raised the idea of making a tunnel under the palace. In 17th century, one tunnel was connected Kremlin with the palace of Galitzine, in the centre of Moscow. The most ancient secret tunnel was built by Italian architects, when they began to build Kremlin as a request of Ivan III.. For example, the road under tower of Kremlin. Another way to go into The history museum and Chinese Town. The third way to go to Moskova river. Some secrret ways is built to run away in the war. Ivan Emprior built a secret palace outside Moscow. It’s the Youssoupov palace, a system of long tunnel connects the Youssoupov with the Kremlin. There are a lot of double walls at the Kremlin palace of worship. And there are many secret rooms to avoid to burning and stealing. Here has a great deal of treasure. Away from capital centre 2Km , a underground city which is located in Moscou Ramniki is connected with the Kremlin. It’s built at underground where is deep from 70m to 120m. Beside, a underground city is large to full of 120.000 people. There are many large rooms with model equipment, a lot of service as wash and iron, ready-made….here has a little kitchen and foods to use during 30 years. It’s built in the war to take precaution nuclear war. IV- KREMLIN’S TOURSIM VALUE. The Kremlin is one of the largest museum in the world. The state Armory contains the weath of the stars, including the crown jewels used at the royal coronations. The exhibits range from court clothes to the royal carriages. There is magnificent display of the unique eggs sculpted by Faberge. All reasons explain why tourists like it so much. Every year, there are many visitors to visit. They often go there on the first of Apirl, the best time to visit is the spring. This is also a good chance for them explore about fascinating Russian. It is not possible to enter any of the Government buildings at the Kemlin. However, ther are still many churches and cathedrals inside that visitors can explore. Moreover, tourists can see the Emperor Cannon which was built in 1500’s and is the world’s largest cannon or the Emperor Bell which is the world’s largest (20ft.tall). At the entrance to the Kremlin (where they sell tickets) is also a good place ro buy T-shirts from street vendors. And places which tourists can visit include: the Assumption Cathedral, Annunciation Cathedral, Archangel’s cathedral’ Ivan the great Bell-Tower, Church of laying our lady’s Holy robe, Tsar Cannon and the Tsar Bell. Overall the Kremlin is a wonderful place to visit as you really do get a felling buildings throughout history. V- ADVICE FOR VISITORS. Next to some useful advices for tourist going here. Knowing about the weather and climate of the country you intend to visit is always recommend. This knowledge may effect the time of year you choose to travel to your destinations as well as what sort of clothing you wear. Russia ia a very large country and as such , its weather changes from region to region. The summer months are only a few degrees cooler than most other parts of the world, while the winter months are extremely cold-getting colder th further worth one goes. It’s a good idea to look up the predicted temperatures so that you will be better prepared for them. Besides, may be you have problems. Example for, your visa is not registered in a polile. You have 3 days to register your visa but cops pretends that they dont’s know about it. If you are not going to pay thay say that you’ll be taken to police department. In this case, 1st advice: Don’t be lieve it and don’t pay anyway! Thay just need your money. They don’t need you. If they understand that your are not going to pay they’ll leave you. The 2nd advice: if cop wants money anyway, give hime 50 rubels (about 2$) and say that you don’t have money. All money left in a hotel. This is last price you can pay! But don’t pay anything if you know that everything is ok with you. As you know, nowadays Kremlin palace is an official residence of the President of Russian Fe deration. So, you can visit just part of the Kremlin territory. To visit it you should buy ticket in the ticket office which is in the Alexander’s Garden, western side of the Kremlin. Your ticket only allows entrance to each of these places once so see everything you want to before you leave. Moscow is a great city. Allow for a minium of 3 full days. But if you have time, and money, stay for a week. VI- “HUE TEMPLE AND MAUSOLEUMS” IS ONE OF THE WORLD WONDERS IN VIET NAM. If the Kremlin is strong hold of Russian , Hue Temple and Mausoleums is the most brilliant specimens of Viet Nam’s ancient architeure. The Temple was built in 1845 as the Bao Dinh palace by then emperor Thieu Tri in the area now known as Tay Loc word in Hue’s royal citadel. Since 1885, when the royal citadel was lost to the French, the palace has been remained unoccupied. In 1908, the wooden structure was moved to its present location at 3 Le Truc street, some 3 Km from the previons location. It was turned into the long An Temple and used as a library for the imperial training school for maindarins of the Nguyen Dynasty. In 1925, Emperor Khai Dinh signed a decree to use it the Khai Dinh Museum. The building was renamed the Hue Royal Citadel Antique Museum after the liberation of the South in 1975. the architecture of Hue Temple wonderfully mixed with the romantic nature of this land. Speaxing about Hue Temple, the Vietnamese used to understand it as the very history of a Royal Temple with its unique and aldest system of palatial architectures and Mausoleums that still remain in Viet Nam. Similar to the Kremlin, Hue Temple where all predecessor of the Nguyen Kings and lords were worshipped. Hue Temple is one of the most valuable heritages in Viet Nam. BEAUTY_SPOT IN RUSSIA SAINT PETERBOURG ĐÔNXCÔI MONASTERY POCOROP CHURCH XPAXKI CHURCH ELBRUS RED SQUARE BAIKAL LAKE PORKROVSKI PALACE OF WORSHIP C – CONCLUSION. After 3 weeks rearching, we finished our assignment. We feell very satisfield with it. There are 10 pages in our final assignment. Every part is very clear and easy. Besides it, for our assignment, there are overall the Kremlin is a wonderful place to visit as you really do get a felling of the power that has come from these buildings throughout history. It’s isn’t very difficult for us to do this assignment. Because we gain a lot of valuable skills and experience from the assignment. And my partner and I understand each other very much. Especially, we received carefully helping from our teacher. That’s some advantages of doing it. But there are some disavantages such as: vocabulary, time…the teacher don’t accept copying. So, we spent a lot of times translating that into English from Vietnamese. At that time, we have to take different exams. We’re really stressfull. Although we try our best, our assignment isn’t good as we expected. So, we hope that the teachers give useful advices to us to complete it more effectively. Generally speaking, this is really English learning method for tourism students. It brings us a lot of of benefits. It helps us gain more knowledge in tourism, history, art… Notonly in Viet Nam but also in the world… This is also a chance for us to learn to work in pairs effectively, how to support each other which all will be useful for our future carreer. As for me, doing assignment isn’t very difficult! We highly recommend this method. Thank the teacher for helping us to finish this assignment so much!!! D – RECOMMENDATIONS. In my opinion, this exercise is very interesting but a World Wonder report part which ia to be a minium of 4 pages is too short for us to do. I think that should be a minium of 6 pages is best. So , we can write more informations about it!!! THE END PHOTOGRAPHS ABOUT HUE TEMPLE

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