Ngư nghiệp - International ship and port facility security code (isps)

In December 2002, chapter XI of SOLAS was re-named to chapter XI-1 and a new chapter (Chapter XI-2) was added on special measures to enhance maritime security. Chapter XI-2 applies to passenger ships and cargo ships of 500 gross tonnages (gt) and upwards, including high speed craft, mobile offshore drilling units and port facilities, and ships serving such ships engaged on international voyages.

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INTERNATIONAL SHIP AND PORT FACILITY SECURITY CODE (ISPS)10 mins testWhat are maritime safety nets?State 10 maritime safety net?31-Mar-20Ports and Shipping Department2 Background to ISPS Following the 9/11 tragic event, IMO agreed to develop new measures relating to the security of ships and port facilities to prevent similar terrorist acts against shipping. A new rule for security of ships and port facilities was defined by a week-long Diplomatic Conference at the London headquarters of IMO and was entered into force on 1st July 2004.September 11th 2001September 11th 2001September 11th 2001The new rule is in the form of an amendment to the 1974 Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention. The complete name of this new regulation is the International Code for the Security of Ships and of Port Facilities with the abbreviated name of the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code or the ISPS Code. Background to ISPS ApplicationIn December 2002, chapter XI of SOLAS was re-named to chapter XI-1 and a new chapter (Chapter XI-2) was added on special measures to enhance maritime security. Chapter XI-2 applies to passenger ships and cargo ships of 500 gross tonnages (gt) and upwards, including high speed craft, mobile offshore drilling units and port facilities, and ships serving such ships engaged on international voyages.Code Sections The code contains two parts: A and BPart (A) contains compulsory measures Part (B) is just a guideline to implementing security provisions in part A. Main Objective The main goal of the ISPS code is to establish a uniform and international framework for the risk evaluations in maritime transportation industry.General objectives of ISPS CodeTo establish an international framework, involving co-operation between Contracting Governments, Government agencies, local administrations and the shipping and port industries to detect and assess security threats and take preventive measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade;To establish the respective roles and responsibilities of all these parties concerned, at the national and international level, for ensuring maritime security;General objectives of ISPS CodeTo ensure the early and efficient collation and exchange of security related information;To provide a methodology for security assessment so as to have in place plans and procedures to react to changing security levelsTo ensure confidence that adequate and proportionate maritime security measures are in place. PART A Part A of the ISPS code contains 19 sections and 2 appendixes. The sections contain definitions, applications, responsibilities of charged parties and technical information about the requirements of the Code. PART A It defines:The obligations of the company, ship, port facility and of the contracting government,The necessary requirements which risk assessments and security plans must have,The way that the records must be provided and be kept,The information about training and exercising of the crew and staffThe requirements about the certification and verification for shipsSince the ISPS code is based on risk assessment, the first step to carry out the code is risk and security assessment. A security assessment is a process that identifies weaknesses in infrastructures and physical structures, databases and information systems, communication systems, personnel protection systems, processes, or other areas that may lead to a security breach, which can pose a risk to persons or properties. It also suggests options to eliminate or mitigate the risks and their consequences that would be identified.How ISPS code works Two security assessments have been considered in the code Ship Security Assessment (SSA) and Port Facility Security Assessment (PFSA). After conducting the SSA and PFSA, the Ship Security Plan (SSP) and Port Facility Security Plan (PFSP) shall be prepared according to them. It means that the security assessments are essential and integral part of the process of developing and updating the security plans. For each security plan, there is a security officer who is in charge for implementation of the security plan.How ISPS code works Mean the degree of risk that a security incident will be attempted or will occur. The code defines three Security levels for international use SECURITY LEVELS123SECURITY LEVELSThe ISPS code contains three security levels. Security level 1- NORMAL; the level at which ships and port facilities normally operate.Security level 2 – HEIGHTENED; the level applying for as long as there is a heightened risk of a security incident.(additional protective security measures be maintained for a period of time)Security level 3 – EXCEPTIONAL; the level applying for the period of time when there is a probable or imminent risk of a security incident. (further specific protective measures shall be maintained for a limited period of time when a security incident is probable or imminent, Security Level 1-measures ensuring the performance of all ship security duties;controlling access to the ship;controlling the embarkation of persons and their effects;monitoring restricted areas to ensure that only authorized persons have access;monitoring of deck areas and areas surrounding the ship;supervising the handling of cargo and ship’s stores;ensuring that security communication is readily available.Security Level 1In liaison with the port facility the ship should ensure:vehicles destined to be loaded on board car carriers, ro-ro and other passenger ships are subjected to search prior to loading, in accordance with the SSPsegregating checked persons and their personal effects from unchecked persons and their personal effects;segregating embarking from disembarking passengers;identification of access points that should be secured or attended to prevent unauthorized accessSecurity Level 1securing, by locking or other means, access to unattended spaces adjoining areas to which passengers and visitors have accessproviding security briefings to all ship personnel on possible threats, the procedures for reporting suspicious persons, objects or activities and the need for vigilance.all those seeking to board a ship should be liable to search. Security Level 1Unless there are clear security grounds for doing so, members of the ship’s personnel should not be required to search their colleagues or their personal effects.Any such search shall be undertaken in a manner which fully takes into account the human rights of the individual and preserves their basic human dignity.Security Level 2 At security level 2, the SSP should establish the security measures to be applied to protect against a heightened risk of a security incident to ensure higher vigilance and tighter control, which may include:assigning additional personnel to patrol deck areas during silent hours to deter unauthorized accessSecurity Level 2 limiting the number of access points to the ship, identifying those to be closed and the means of adequately securing themdeterring waterside access to the ship, including, for example, in liaison with the port facility, provision of boat patrolsestablishing a restricted area on the shore-side of the ship, in close co-operation with the port facilitySecurity Level 2 increasing the frequency and detail of searches of people, personal effects, and vehicles being embarked or loaded onto the ship;escorting visitors on the ship;providing additional specific security briefings to all ship personnel on any identified threats, re-emphasizing the procedures for reporting suspicious persons, objects, or activities and stressing the need for increased vigilance; carrying out a full or partial search of the ship.Security Level 3the ship should comply with the instructions issued by those responding to the security incident or threat thereof. The SSP should detail the security measures which could be taken by the ship, in close co-operation with those responding and the port facility, which may include:Security Level 3limiting access to a single, controlled, access point;granting access only to those responding to the security incident or threat thereofdirections of persons on boardsuspension of embarkation or disembarkationsuspension of cargo handling operations, deliveries etcevacuation of the shipmovement of the ship preparing for a full or partial search of the ship. Requirements of the ISPS Code Hardware RequirementDocumentary RequirementHuman-ware Requirement  Hardware requirement Automatic Identification System (AIN)Ship Identification Number (SIN)Ship Security Alert System (SSAS)Class Research into SIN, AIN & SSAS.... Human-ware requirement Company Security Officer (CSO)Ship Security Officer (SSO)Port Facility Security Officer (PFSO)  The person ashore designated by the company for: Ensuring that a Ship Security assessment is carried out. The Ship Security Plan is developed, approved, implemented and maintained. Liaison with Port Facility Security Officers and Ship Security Officers.COMPANY SECURITY OFFICER (CSO)COMPANYSECURITYOFFICERThe person on board the ship accountable to the Master for security of the shipimplementation and maintenance of the Ship Security Plan liaison with the Company Security Officer and the Port Facility Security Officers.SHIP SECURITY OFFICER(SSO)MASTERSHIPSECURITYOFFICERCOMPANYSECURITYOFFICERThe person appointed is responsible for The development, implementation, revision and maintenance of the Port Facility Security Plan Liaison with the Ship Security Officers and the Company Security Officers.PORT FACILITY SECURITY OFFICER (PFSO)SHIPSECURITYOFFICERCOMPANYSECURITYOFFICERPORT FACILITYSECURITYOFFICER Documentary requirement Continuous synopsis recordSpecific responsibility of companyRecord of the last 10 ports of callShip security assessmentShip security planEnvironment and safety recordPort facility security planPort facility security assessmentInternational ship security certificateStatement of compliance akpe na mi!

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