Ngư nghiệp - Maritime security defined

Pirate attacks off the Horn of Africa constitute a threat to the lives and welfare of the citizens and seafarers of many nations. Nearly 12% of the world’s petroleum passes through the Gulf of Aden, which is one of the world’s most important waterways.

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MARITIME SECURITYMaritime security definedThe security that is concerned with the prevention of intentional damage through sabotage, subversion, or terrorism.Maritime security measures are measures put in place by maritime stakeholders to ensure that maritime properties are protected against maritime threats.Examples of maritime threats Piracy – the act of robbery on the high seasTerrorism – systematic use of terror as a means of coercionArmed robbery - the act of robbery against vessels within the jurisdiction of a statePilfering/theft -  to steal stealthily in small amounts and often again and againSmuggling - of contraband goods/humans Safety Versus Security Safety deals with reducing the risk or occurrence of loss, injury or death which may occur due to some accidental events or natural causes.Security deals with reducing the risk or occurrence of loss, injury or death which may occur due to deliberate or intentional actions. Maritime Security Incidences - terrorism The Achille Lauro was an Egyptian passenger liner, which was hijacked on October 7th, 1985. Four men, from Palestine Liberation Front, took control of the Achille Lauro while she was sailing from Alexandria to Port Said within Egypt. A passenger was murdered in that action.An attack by Al-Qaeda terrorist group on USS Cole on October 12th, 2000 occurred when a small boat exploded near the Cole which was moored in a Yemeni port in Aden. In that action 17 sailors were killed and 39 of them were injured.Another terrorist attack, again by Al-Qaeda, was launched against a French oil tanker named Limburg on October 6th 2002 while she was in the Gulf of Aden, Yemen and carrying 397,000 barrels of crude oil. A sailor was killed, 12 other crew members were injured and about 100,000 barrels of oil spilt.The world’s deadliest terrorist attack at sea, is the attack that was launched by Abu- Sayyaf terrorist group against the Supper Ferry 14 on 27th February 2004 in Manila bay, near Corregidor Island, which perished 116 people. The explosion was caused by a television set containing a 4 kilograms TNT time bomb that was hidden onboard. Maritime Security Incidences PIRACYPiracyFor over 2,000 years, the nations of the world have considered pirates to be enemies of the human race (hostes humani generis) Piracy in the 21st century is a serious and growing problem. Piracy/Armed RobberyHot SpotsPiracyPirate attacks off the Horn of Africa constitute a threat to the lives and welfare of the citizens and seafarers of many nations. Nearly 12% of the world’s petroleum passes through the Gulf of Aden, which is one of the world’s most important waterways. Piracy – incident stakeholdersSingle pirate attack often affects the interests of numerous countries, including the flag State of the vessel, various States of nationality of the seafarers taken hostage, regional coastal States, owner States, and cargo owner, transshipment points , and destination States. Commercial EquipmentSecure-ShipNon-lethal electrifying fence adapted for maritime useDeters boarders and activates alarms and floodlightsShipLocSatellite tracking systemAllows shipping companies to monitor shipsShip Security Alert SystemCommercial EquipmentUnmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)Reconnaissance roleReal-time data link back to ground stationProvides early warning of suspect craftLaunched/Recovered from seagoing vesselCommercial EquipmentRobotic Patrol BoatsMarine Robotics have produced Ghost GuardEscort vessels fitted with video and comm’sSuspicious activity – Alert naval patrol vessels akpe na mi!

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