Ẩm thực - Chapter 20: Cooking for vegetarian diets

Refined white sugar and most brown sugar is processed from sugar cane or sugar beets. Cane sugar is often processed using charcoal made from animal bones. If you use any sugar for a vegetarian recipe, use beet sugar or unbleached sugar.

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Chapter 20Cooking for Vegetarian Diets 1Chapter Objectives1. Describe the main types of vegetarian diets.2. Describe complementary proteins and describe how to include them in the diet.3. List three nutrients other than proteins that non-vegetarians get mostly from animal products, and describe how vegetarians can include these nutrients in their diets.4. Name and describe five food types derived from soybeans.5. Explain why refined sugar may not be permitted in a vegan diet.6. List seven guidelines for building a vegetarian menu.2Overview Vegetarian diners are a growing and important segment of the dining population.Estimates suggest that 15 million people in the United States are vegetarians.In college dining, some suggest 40% of food choices are vegetarian.3Types of Vegetarian DietsThe vegan diet is the most restrictive, eat plant products only.All animal products, including dairy and eggs, are off limits.Lacto-vegetarians eat dairy products and plant products. No other animal products.Ovo-vegetarians eat eggs in addition to plant productsLacto-ovo-vegetarians eat dairy, eggs, and plant products.Pesco-vegetarians eat fish and plant products, but no meat or poultry. They may not eat dairy and egg products.4Nutritional ConsiderationsProteinComplementary ProteinsOther NutrientsVitamin B12 – found in animals foods, including dairy and fortified cerealsVitamin D – found in fortified milk and is created in skin on exposure to sunlightCalcium – found in dairy and green leafy vegetables and dried legumes5Menus for Vegetarian DietsIngredients:Dried legumesGrainsNuts and seedsSoy productsDairy and eggs6Modifying RecipesRecipes can be modified for vegetarian diets.Sometimes a soup, salad, or side dish contains mainly plant products.7Sugar in Vegetarian RecipesRefined white sugar and most brown sugar is processed from sugar cane or sugar beets.Cane sugar is often processed using charcoal made from animal bones.If you use any sugar for a vegetarian recipe, use beet sugar or unbleached sugar.8Center of the PlateNormally this would suggest meat, poultry, or fish, for vegetarians we need to rethink the procedure.We can use complementary proteins as main dishes.9Suggestions StewsChiliRisottoPizzaCasseroles CurriesStir-friesPastaPot piesGratins Using many ways of preparation, these dishes can be made without dairy and egg products.10Clip art images may not be saved or downloaded and are only to be used for viewing purposes.Copyright ©2007 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.11

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