Âm nhạc - Chapter 7: Jazz tenth edition

Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts Studied and worked with Sidney Bechet Alto saxophonist Played with Chick Webb’s orchestra

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Jazz Tenth Edition Chapter 7PowerPointbySharon Ann Toman, 2004Duke Ellington (1899-1974)Born in Washington, D.C.Received his nickname from a high school friendComposer, bandleader, and pianist© Corbis.2Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington (1899-1974)Influenced by ragtime and stride piano players like: Fats Waller, James P. JohnsonJazz writers agree that his real instrument was the orchestra3Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonEllington’s 4 Different Styles1. “Jungle Style” built around raucous playing style of trumpet players (Cootie Williams & Bubber Miley) and trombone player (Tricky Sam Nanton)2. “Mood Style” identified with the beautiful ballads played by saxophonist: Johnny Hodges3. “Concerto Style” featured Cootie Williams on trumpet or Jimmy Hamilton or Barney Bigard on clarinet4. “Standard Style” Ellington approached his band arrangements in the same manner as the other large bands4Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington (1899-1974)1923: Ellington made his 1st visit to NYC and later that same yearhe moved to NYCDuring these early yearshe developed skills that would carry throughout his entire careerHe moved from band member to leaderHe begun to develop his writing and arranging skills5Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington (1899-1974)1923-1927:His small group (quintet) played at the “Hollywood” and “Kentucky” clubs on BroadwayHis group grew into a 10 piece orchestra6Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington (1899-1974)1927-1931:Cotton Club in HarlemHis group grew to 12 in sizeImportant new player: Johnny Hodges (1906-1970)Born in Cambridge, MassachusettsStudied and worked with Sidney BechetAlto saxophonist7Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonJohnny Hodges (1906-1970)Born in Cambridge, MassachusettsStudied and worked with Sidney BechetAlto saxophonistPlayed with Chick Webb’s orchestra8Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonJohnny Hodges (1906-1970)Directed and played with his own comboLeft Ellington’s band during the early 1950s but then around 1955 rejoined Ellington’s bandAlso played the soprano saxophoneVery melodic style of playing that blended well with the Ellington style9Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington (1899-1974)1932-1942:His group now had 6 brass, 4 reeds, and 4 rhythmMade his European tours in 1933 and 1939Billy Strayhorn joined Ellington’s band as additional pianist, arranger, and composer10Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington (1899-1974)1946:His band now had 18 members, and he worked on larger compositions that could be recorded on the newly developed long-playing record11Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington (1899-1974)1950-1963:World toursFilm music1964:Liturgical musicReceived many awardsDirected his own band ‘til his death in 197412Chapter 7 - Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington (1899-1974)ConclusionEllington recorded more than 150 albumsPerformed in dance halls, large clubs, theaters, festivals, and concert halls just to name a few13Chapter 7 - Duke Ellington

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