Đề thi toefl năm 1998

1. (A) She doesn't want to waste her film. (B) She already took a picture of the mountains. (C) She doesn't have any more film. (D) She doesn't know how to use the camera. 2. (A) Their food will arrive shortly. (B) He'll take their order soon (C) He'll ready to take their order (D) They'll have to wait for a table

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8-5 98年 5月托福听力试题 A 1. (A) She doesn't want to waste her film. (B) She already took a picture of the mountains. (C) She doesn't have any more film. (D) She doesn't know how to use the camera. 2. (A) Their food will arrive shortly. (B) He'll take their order soon (C) He'll ready to take their order (D) They'll have to wait for a table 3. (A) Borrow the woman's car keys. (B) She doesn't like her school (C) She has adapted easily to her new school (D) She spends most of her free time at school. 4. (A) She doesn't spend much lime with her friends. (B) She doesn't like her school. (C) She has adapted 'easily to her new school. (D) She spends most of her free time at school. 5. (A) Writing an article. (B) Studying for a chemistry test. (C) Shopping for shoes. (D) Reading a magazine. 6. (A) She's watching the cars go by. (B) The man should feel well soon. (C) She prefers to keep busy. (D) The man works harder than she does. 7. (A) Change his diet. (B) Take a different kind of medicine. (C) Ask another doctor about the prob1em. (D) Do special knee exercises. 8.(A) Ask a friend for the name of a hair stylist. (B) Get her hair cut at 12:00. (C)Make an appointment with someone else. (D)Call another hair salon. 9.(A) He doesn't have time to read. (B) He has no reading preferences. (C) He doesn't read the same kinds of books as the woman. (D) He likes to write essays on social topics. 10.(A) Call a repair person soon. (B) Ask the man to fix her refrigerator. (C) Find a book on how to make repairs. (D) Wait to see if the problem disappears. 11.(A) He received a good evaluation. (B)He had a fight with his boss. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org (C)He's looking forward to meeting with his supervisor. (D)He's always in a good mood. 12. (A) She needs a new hat and gloves. (B) The weather will continue to be cold. (C) She doesn't know what the weather will be like tomorrow. (D) She doesn't know where the man put his winter clothes. 13. (A) Cancel his appointments. (B) Reschedule one of his appointments. (C) Prepare for the meeting at breakfast. (D) Keep both meetings short. 14.(A) The woman shouldn't wear jeans. (B) They shouldn't dress too much alike. (C) They shouldn't dress too informally. (D) The man is looking for a new jacket.' 15. (A) He doesn't spend enough lime studying. (B)He doesn't think the weather is nice." (C) He'd prefer not to walk to class. (D) He has little time for outdoor activities. 16 .(A) She has gotten behind in her work. (B) Her computer is the latest model (C) She keeps her computer at home (D) She doesn't have a computer. 17.(A) Ask Joan to recommend mend a good restaurant. (B) Eat dinner at Joan's house. (C) Ask their friends about the restaurant. (D) Go to the restaurant. 18.(A) His brother is younger than he is. (B) He and his brother went to different schools. (C) He doesn't like his brother. (D) He and his brother are different. 19.(A) He has already been to the gym. (B) He wants to go with the woman. (C) His gym bag is the gym. (D) He'd rather go after dinner. 20.(A) The woman shouldn't make him feel bad. (B)The woman should help him write a report. (C)He doesn't want to take the woman out. (D)He feels responsible for the woman's mood. 21.(A) She'd rather not discuss her problems. (B)She has been healthy. (C)It's hard for her to explain her problems. (D)She's sorry she didn't come back sooner. 22. (A) She only wanted four of them. (B) She put them in alphabetical order. (C) Don sells them. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org (D) Don placed the order for them. 23. (A) He's a member of the faculty. (B) His parking permit expired. (C) He parked in the wrong place by mistake. (D) He has never parked In Lot 3. 24. (A) The man's resume is very short. (B) The man has made many revisions to his resume. (C) The woman is' not impressed by the man's resume. (D) The printer is not working properly. 25. (A) He's opposed to the tuition increase. (B) He wasn't able to attend the protest rally. (C) He works for the student newspaper. (D) He rarely reads the newspaper. 26.(A) It's the longest report she's ever written. (B) She's only halfway done with it. (C) She'll finish it in two weeks. (D) She has spent less time on it than the man thinks. 27. (A) Make a list of what she needs to do. (B) Schedule an eye exam without delay. (C) Order an appointment book. (D) Get over her fear of eye doctors. 28. (A) Professor Smith hasn't arrived yet. (B) She's sorry she's late. (C) She doesn't know if anyone called. (D) She'll call Professor Smith in a few minutes. 29. (A) Count her money. (B) Go to the seminar with the man. (C) Help the man learn to manage his money. (D) Pay for the seminar. 30. (A) She never keeps other people waiting. (B) She wanted the man to help her with her assignment. (C) She's upset that the man didn't tell her he'd be late. (D) She's glad that the man phoned her. 31. (A) She 'doesn't Want to pay the late fee. (B) She was given incorrect information. (C) She can't afford to pay her tuition. (D) She didn't pass her mathematics class last semester. 32. (A) The director couldn't give her an appointment right away. (B) The office was closed the first time she went. (C) The computer were out of service the first time she was there. (D) She did not have acceptable identification with her on her first visit. 33. (A) Her prior schooling. (B) Her residence. (C) Her age. (D) Her driving record. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 34. (A) The director probably isn't able to make an exception. (B) The director probably won't see her. (C) The director usually isn't very helpful. (D) Part-time students aren't the director's responsibility. 35. (A) A chemistry assignment, (B) A study that their chemistry professor did. (C) A class that the woman is taking. (D) A job possibility. 36. (A) She wants to quit her job in the chemistry lab. (B) She wants to get practical experience. (C) She's interested in becoming a psychology major,. (D) She wants to earn extra money. 37. (A) Employ them as lab assistants. (B) Teach classes at their high school. (C) Help them with their studies. (D) Pay them for participating in the study. 38. (A) Write their lab reports. (B) Find out Professor Smith's schedule. (C) Interview some high school students. (D) Finish their chemistry experiment. 39. (A) How the museum preserves Native American artifacts. (B) The rituals of the Hohokam people. (C) Methods used by the Hohokam for creating pottery. (D) Artistic designs of Native American pottery. 40. (A) To introduce a speaker to a group. (B) To provide background information for a special exhibit. (C) To describe an upcoming video presentation. (D) To introduce a lecture series. 41.(A) They sold it to art collectors. (B) They used it for cooking and storage. (C) They displayed it for decoration. (D) They used it to display new tools. 42. (A) Special tools were used to shape the clay. (B) It was created on pottery wheels. (C) The clay was placed in molds. (D) Each person was responsible for a particular part of the process. 43.(A) The problems caused by the Revolutionary War. (B) How some people became rich in the late 1700's. (C) The importance of providing for a tax system in the Constitution. (D) Motives for creating the United States Constitution. 44. (A) Tax collectors. (B) The wealthy. (C) Soldiers. (D) State officials. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 45.(A) They are not influenced by government policy. (B) They are opinions that have no basis in fact. (C) They are affected by the conditions of the time in which they are written. (D) They would be more accurate if historians followed one ideology. 46. (A) How birds learn to build nests. (B) Why birds lay eggs. (C) How birds' nests have evolved (D) Why some birds' nests are considered primitive. 47. (A) Their flying ability improved greatly. (B) They became warm-blooded. (C) They began to lay eggs. (D) They changed their migration patterns. 48. (A) On the ground. (B) In cold places. (C) On the highest branches of trees (D) Inside tree trunks. 49. (A) A primitive type of nest. (B) An elevated nest. (C) A typical cup-shaped nest. (D) A nest of twigs and branches. 50. (A) To avoid predators. (B) To expose tile eggs to stronger sunlight. (C) To have a better view of predators. (D)To save labor. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 98年 5月托福语法试题 B 1. --- a major role in future planetary exploration. (A) Robots will surely play (B) Robots, which will surely play (C) Because robots will surely be playing (D) Surely robots, which will be playing 2. Unlike the owl, bats cannot see very well, but they do have---. (A) it hears very well (B) very good to hear (C) tearing very well (D) very good hearing 3. Comparatively few clues in the United Slates have competing newspapers today, a major change from 1900 --- more than two newspapers. (A) because then most large cities having (B) when did most large cities have (C) then most large cities that had (D) when most large cities had 4. Witch hazel extract, --- distilled from the bark and twigs of the witch hazel shrub, has been utilized in medicine. (A) is (B) when to be (C) which is (D) has been 5. --- touching in O. Henry's stories is the gallantry with which ordinary people struggle to maintain their dignity. (A) Most is (B) It mostly is (C) Is it most (D) What is most 6. The face of the Moon is changed by collisions with meteoroids, --- new craters to appear. (A) cause (B) causing (C) caused (D) have cause 7. Social scientists believe that --- from sounds such as grunts and barks made by early ancestors of human beings. (A) the very slow development of language (B) language developed very slowly (C) language which,, was very slow to develop (D) language, very slowly developing 8. --- substances include various forms of silica, pumice, and emery. (A) Natural abrasives occur (B) Abrasion occurs in natural (C) Naturally occurring abrasive (D) A natural occurrence of abrasion For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 9. --- in the upper part of their long1 thin legs all9w deer to run swiftly and jump far. (A) Muscles are powerful (B) There are powerful muscles (C) The powerful muscles that (D) Powerful muscles 10. Geophysicists have collaborated with archaeologists and anthropologists to study the magnetic properties of pottery and fireplaces at sites ----- by early humans. (A) occupied (B) occupying (C) which occupy (D) were occupied 11. --- technically proficient; it also explores psychological questions. (A) Not only is Barbara Astman's artwork (B) Not only Barbara Asiman's artwork (C) Barbara Astman1s artwork,, which is not only (D) Barbara Astman's artwork not only 12. Although Canada's Parliament can neither administer or enforce laws initiate policy, it does have the power to make laws and vote on the allocation of funds. (A) not (B) nor (C) and (D)either 13. Willa Cather considered her novel of life in nineteenth-century Nebraska, My Antonia,--- (A) was her best work (B) her best work (C) her best work it was (D) being her best work 14.First designated in 1970, Earth Day has become an annual international event concerns about environmental issues such as pollution. (A) dedicated to raising (B) dedicated raising (C) dedicates to raise (D) that dedicates to raising 15. In 1992 Albert Gore, Jr., the son of a former United States senator, became Vice President of the United States. (A) who was the forty-fifth (B) and the forty-fifth (C) the forty-fifth (E) he was the forty-fifth 16. Although Christopher Columbus failed in his original goal, the discoveries he A B did make were as Important than the route to Asia he expected to find. C D 17. Martha Graham, a leading figure in modern dance, made she debut in A B C 1920 with the Denishawn School. D 18. In the United States, the federal government is responsible to regulating the For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org A B working conditions in factories. C D 18. Jupiter is a gaseous planet with. an atmosphere composed most of A B C hydrogen and helium. D 20. Throughout her career Georgia O'Keeffe paid meticulous attention to her craft; A B her brushes were always clean, her colors fresh and brightness. C D 21. Hydrogen the nine most abundant element in the Earth's crust, is an odorless, A B C colorless, and tasteless gas. D 22. Salamanders are frequently to be find in moist, wooded areas. A B C D 23. Steam engines have been replaced in most cases by more economical and A B C efficiency devices, such as the electric motor. D 24. Traditionally, the Fourth of July is celebrated in the United States with political A B speeches, picnics, and most important of all, a displayed of fireworks at night. C D 25. The style of used in cartoon animation range from relatively realistic A B C representations of everyday life to the most romantic and impossible fantasy. D 26. Ordinary beaver dams vary in length from a few feet to a hundred feel or A B C more than. D 27. In the United State, presidential elections are held once every four year. A B C D 28.Except of the freehand toe, the feet of the gull are fully webbed. A B C D 29. Teaching machines are devices that can store instructionally information, A present displays, receive responses from a learner, and act on those responses. B C. D 30. Challotte Perkins Gilman Is known primarily as an author of short stories, A B but she also wrote an influential book argued for equal economic opportunities for C D women. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 31. In some areas of the United States, unfavorable climate or soil make farming A B C an impossible task. D 32. Naturalists have identified at least four hundred of species of mammals and A B six hundred types of birds in the state of California. C D 33. Instead of tooth, the blue whale has a row of bony plates in its mouth A B C that functions as a food-collecting device. D 34. Murres are black-and-white driving birds that mate every five or six years and A lay only a single egg at time. B C D 35. A bar code consists a pattern of lines and bars that a computer can translate A B C into information. D 36. Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly to backwards. A B C D 37. Fluorine, a greenish-yellow gas that is slightly heavy than air is poisonous A B C and corrosive and has a penetrating and disagreeable odor. D 38. The Everglades, a large swamp area is an unique wilderness extending over A B C much of southern Florida. D 39. Each year millions of tons of fertile topsoil that could produce good crops A B C washed away by rains. D 40. Since the 1950's, folk' music has had a significant influence on many popular A B C D vocal and instrumental music. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 98年 5月托付阅读试题 C Questions 1-11 Before the 1500's, the western plains of North America were dominated by farmers. One group, the Mandans, lived in the upper Missouri River country, primarily in present-day North Dakota. They had large villages of houses built close together. The tight arrangement enabled the Mandans to protect themselves more easily from the attacks of others who might seek to obtain some of the food these highly capable farmers stored from one year to the next. The women had primary responsibility for the fields. They had to exercise considerable skill to produce the desired results, for their northern location meant fleeting growing seasons. Winter often lingered; autumn could be ushered in by severe frost. For good measure, during the spring and summer, drought, heat, hail, grasshoppers, and other frustrations might await the wary grower. Under such conditions, Mandan women had to grow maize capable of weathering adversity. They began as early as it appeared feasible to do so in the spring. clearing the land, using fire to clear stubble from the fields and then planting. From this point until the first green corn could be harvested, the crop required labor and vigilance. Harvesting proceeded in two stages. In August the Mandans picked a smaller amount of the crop before it had matured fully. This green corn was boiled, dried, and shelled, with some of the maize slated for immediate consumption and the rest stored in animal-skin bags. Later in the fall, the people picked corn. They saved the best of the harvest for seeds or for trade, with the remainder eaten right away or stored for later use in underground reserves. With appropriate banking of the extra food, the Mandans protected themselves against the disaster of crop failure and accompanying hunger. The women planted another staple, squash, about the first of June, and harvested it near the time of the green corn harvest. After they picked it, they sliced it, dried it, and strung the slices before they stored them. Once again, they saved the seed from the best of the year's crop. The Mandans also grew sunflowers and tobacco; the latter was the particular task of the old men. 1. The Mandans built their houses close together in order to (A) guard their supplies of food (B) protect themselves against the weather (C) allow more room for growing corn (D) share farming implements 2. The word "enabled" in line 4 is closest in meaning to (A)covered (B) reminded (C)helped (D)isolated 3.The word "considerable" in line 8 is closest in meaning to (A) planning (B) much (C) physical (D) flew 4.Why does the author believe that the Mandans were skilled farmers? (A) They developed effective fertilizers. (B) They developed new varieties of corn. (C) They could grow crops in most types of soil. (D) They could grow crops despite adverse weather. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 5. Tile word "consumption" in line 18 is closest in meaning to (A) decay (B) planting (C) eating (D) conversion 6. Which of the following processes does the author imply was done by both men and women? (A) Clearing fields (B) Planting corn (C) Harvesting corn (D) harvesting squash. 7. The word "disaster" in line 22 is closest in meaning to (A)control (B)catastrophe (C)avoidance (D)history 8. According to the passage, the Mandans preserved their food by (A)smoking (B)drying (C)freezing. (D)salting 9. The word "it" in line 25 refers to (A)June (B)corn (C)time (D)squash 10. Which of the following crops was cultivated primarily by men (A) Corn (B)Squash (C)Sunflower (D)Tobacco 11. Throughout the passage, the author implies that the Mandans (A)planned for the future (B) valued individuality (C)were open to strangers (D)were very adventurous Questions 12-20 The elements other than hydrogen and helium exist In such small quantities that it is accurate to say that the universe somewhat more than 25 percent helium by weight and somewhat less than 25 percent hydrogen. Astronomers have measured the abundance of helium throughout our galaxy and in other galaxies as well. Helium has been found In old stars, in relatively young ones, in interstellar gas, and in the distant objects known as quasars. Helium nuclei have also been found to be constituents of cosmic rays that fall on the earth (cosmic "rays" are not really a form of radiation; they consist of rapidly moving particles of numerous different kinds). It doesn't seem to make very much difference where the helium is found. Its relative abundance never seems to vary much. In some places, there may be slightly more of it; In others, slightly less, but the ratio of helium to hydrogen nuclei always remains about the same. Helium is created in stars. In fact, nuclear reactions that convert hydrogen to For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org helium are responsible for most of the energy that stars produce. However, the amount of helium that could have been produced in this manner can be calculated, and it turns out to be no more than a few percent. The universe has not existed long enough for this figure to he significantly greater. Consequently, if the universe is somewhat more than 25 percent helium now, then it must have been about 25 percent helium at a time near the beginning.. However, when the universe was less than one minute old, no helium could have existed. Calculations indicate that before this time temperatures were too high and particles of matter were moving around much too rapidly. It was only after the one-minute point that helium could exist. By this time, the universe had cooled sufficiently that neutrons and protons could stick together. But the nuclear reactions that led to the formation of helium went on for only a relatively short time. By the time the universe was a few minutes old, helium production had effectively ceased. 12. what does the passage mainly explain? (A)How stars produce energy (B)The difference between helium and hydrogen (C)When most of the helium in the universe was formed (D)Why hydrogen is abundant 13. According to the passage, helium is (A) the second-most abundant element in the universe (B) difficult to detect (C) the oldest element in the universe (D) the most prevalent element in quasars 14. The word "constituents" in line 7 is closest in meaning to (A) relatives (B) causes (C)components (D) targets 15. Why does the author mention "cosmic rays't' in line 7? (A)As part of a list of things containing helium (B) As an example of an unsolved astronomical puzzle (C) To explain how the universe began (D) To explain the abundance of hydrogen in the universe 16. The word "vary" in line 10 is closest ill meaning to (A) mean (B) stretch (C) change (D) include 17. The creation of helium within stars (A) cannot be measured (B) produces energy (C) produces hydrogen as a by-product (D) causes helium to be much more abundant In old stars than In young star: 18. The word "calculated" in line 15 is closest in meaning to (A) ignored (B) converted (C) increased (D) determined 19. Most of the helium in the universe was formed For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org (A) in interstellar space (B) in a very short time (C) during the first minute of the universe's existence (D) before most of the hydrogen 20. The word "ceased" in line 26 is closest in meaning to (A)extended (B)performed (C)taken hold (D)stopped Questions 21-30 In colonial America, people generally covered their beds with decorative quilts resembling those of the lands from which the quitters had come. Wealthy and socially prominent settlers made quilts of the English type, cut from large lengths of cloth of the same color and texture rather than stitched together from smaller pieces. They mad these until the advent of the Revolutionary War in I 775, when everything English came to be frowned upon. Among the whole-cloth quilts made by these wealthy settlers during the early period are those now called linsey-woolseys. This term was usually applied to a fabric of wool and linen used In heavy clothing and quilted petticoats worn in the wintertime. Despite the name, linsey-woolsey bedcovers did not often contain linen. Rather, they were made of a lop layer of woolen or glazed worsted wool fabric, consisting of smooth, compact yarn from long wool fiber dyed dark blue, green, or brown with a bottom layer of a coarser woolen material, either natural or a shade of yellow. The filling was a soft layer of wool which had been cleaned and separated and the three layers were held together with decorative stitching done with homespun linen thread. Later, cotton thread WM used for this purpose. The design of the stitching was often a simple one composed of interlocking circles or crossed diagonal lines giving a diamond pattern. This type of heavy, warm, quilted bedcover was so large that it hung to the floor. The corners are cut out at the foot of the cover so that the quilt fit snugly around the tall four- poster, beds of the 1700's, which differed from those of today in that they were shorter and wider; they were short because people slept in a semi-sitting position with many bolsters or pillows, and wide, because each bed often slept three or more. The linsey-woolsey covering was found in the colder regions of the country because of the warmth it afforded. There was no central heating and most bedrooms did not have fireplaces. 21. What does this passage mainly discuss? (A) The processing of wool (B) Linsey-woolsey bedcovers (C) Sleeping habits of colonial Americans (D) Quilts made in England 22. The word "prominent" in line 3 is closest in meaning to (A) isolated (B) concerned (C) generous (D) distinguished 23. The author mention the Revolutionary War as a time period when (A) quills were supplied to the army (B) more immigrants arrived from England (C) quills imported from England became harder to find (D) people's attitudes toward England changed. 24. The phrase "applied to" in line 8 is closest in meaning 10 (A) sewn onto For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org (B) compared to (C) used for (D) written down on 25. The term "linsey-woolsey" originally meant fabric used primarily in (A)quilts (B)sheets (C)clothing (D) pillows 26. The word "coarser" in line 13 is closest in meaning to (A)older (B) less heavy (C)more attractive (D) rougher 27. The quilts described in the second and third paragraphs were made primarily of (A) wool (B) linen (C) cotton (D) a mixture of fabrics 28. It can be inferred from the third paragraph that the sleeping habits of most Americans have changed since the 1700's in all the following ways EXCEPT (A) the position in which people sleep (A) the numbers of bolsters or pillows people sleep on (C) the length of time people sleep (D) the number of people who sleep in one bed 29. The word "afforded" in line 24 is closest in meaning to (A) provided (B) spent (C) avoided (D) absorbed 30. Which of the following was most likely to be found in a bedroom in the colder areas of the American colonies? (A)A linsey-woolsey (B)A vent from a central healing system (C) A fireplace (D) A wood stove Questions 31-40 Growing tightly packed together and collectively weaving a dense canopy of branches, a stand of red alder trees can totally dominate a site to the exclusion of almost everything else. Certain species such as salmonberry and sword ferns have Line adapted to the limited sunlight dappling through the canopy, but few evergreen trees (S) will survive there; still fewer can compete with the early prodigious growth of alders. A Douglas fir tree reaches its maximum rate of growth ten years later than an alder, and if the two of them begin life at the same time, the alder quickly outgrows and dominates the Douglas fir. After an alder canopy has closed, the Douglas fir suffers a marked decrease in growth, often dying within seven years. Even more shade-tolerant species of trees such as hemlock may remain badly suppressed beneath aggressive young alders. Companies engaged in intensive timber cropping naturally take a dim view of alders suppressing more valuable evergreen trees. But times are changing; a new generation of For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org foresters seems better prepared to Include in their management plans consideration of the vital ecological role alders, play. Among the alder's valuable ecological contributions is its capacity to fix nitrogen in nitrogen-deficient soils. Alder roots contain clusters of nitrogen-fixing nodules like those found on legumes such as beans. in addition, newly developing soils exposed by recent glacier retreat and planted with alders show that these trees are applying the equivalent of ten bags of high-nitrogen fertilizer to each hectare per year. Other chemical changes to soil in which they are growing Include a lowering of the base content and rise In soil acidity, as well as a substantial addition of carbon and calcium. to the soil, Another important role many alders play in the wild, particularly in mountainous areas, is to check the rush of water during spring melt. In Japan and elsewhere, the trees are planted to stabilize soil on steep mountain slopes. Similarly, alders have been planted to stabilize and rehabilitate waste material left over from old mines, flood deposits, and landslide areas in both Europe and Asia. 31. What does the passage mainly discuss? (A)Differences between alder trees and Douglas fir trees (B)Alder trees as a source of timber (C)Management plans for using alder trees to improve soil (D)The relation of alder trees to their forest environments 32. The word "dense" in line I is closest in meaning to (A) dark (B) tall (C) thick (D) broad 33. Alder trees can suppress the growth of nearby trees by depriving them of (A) nitrogen (B) sunlight (C) soil nutrients (D) water 34. Thc passage suggests that Douglas fir trees are (A)a type of alder (B)a type of evergreen (C)similar to sword ferns (D)fast-growing trees 35. It can be inferred from paragraph I that hemlock trees (A) are similar in size to alder trees. (B) interfere with the growth of Douglas fir trees (C) reduce the number of alder trees In the forest (D) need less sunlight than do Douglas fir trees 36. It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that previous generations of foresters (A) did not study the effects of alders on forests (B) did not want alders In forests (C) harvested alders for lumber (D) used alders to control the growth of evergreens 37. The word "they" in line 21 refers to (A) newly developing soils (B) alders (C) bags (D) chemical changes For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 38. According to the passage that alders are used in mountainous areas to (A) nitrogen (B) calcium (C) carbon (D) oxygen 39. It can be Inferred from the passage that alders are used in mountainous areas to (A) prevent water from carrying away soil (B) hold the snow (C) protect mines (D) provide material for housing 40. What is the author's main purpose in the passage? (A) To argue that alder trees are useful in forest management (B) To explain the life cycle of alder trees (C) To criticize the way alders take over and eliminate forests (D) To illustrate how alder trees control soil erosion Questions 41-50 In taking ups new life across the Atlantic, the early European settlers of the United States did not abandon the diversions with which their ancestors had traditionally relieved the tedium of life. Neither the harshness of existence on the new continent nor Line the scattered population nor the disapproval of the clergy discouraged the majority from the pursuit of pleasure. City and country dwellers. of course. conducted this pursuit in different ways. Farm dwellers in their isolation not only found it harder to locate companions in play but also thanks to the unending demands and pressures of their work, felt it necessary to combine fun with purpose. No other set of colonists too so seriously one expression of the period. "Leisure Is time for doing something useful." in the countryside farmers therefore relieved the burden of the daily routine with such relaxation as hunting. fishing, and trapping. When a neighbor needed help, families rallied from miles around to assist In building a house or barn, husking corn, shearing sheep. or chopping wood. Food, drink, and celebration after the group work provided relaxation and soothed weary muscles. The most eagerly anticipated social events were the rural fairs, Hundreds of men, women, and children attended from far and near. The men bought or traded farm animals and acquired needed merchandise while the women displayed food prepared in their kitchens, and everyone, Including the youngsters, watched or participated in a variety of competitive sports, with prizes awarded to the winners. These events typically included horse races, wrestling matches, and foot races, as well as some nonathletic events such as whistling competitions. No other occasions did so much to relieve the isolation of farm existence. With the open countryside everywhere at hand, city dwellers naturally shared in some of the rural diversions. Favored recreations included fishing, hunting1 skating, and swimming. But city dwellers also developed other pleasures. which only compact communities made possible. 41. What is the passage mainly about? (A) Methods of farming used by early settlers of the United States (B) Hardships faced by the early settlers of the United States (C) Methods of buying, selling, and trading used by early settlers of the United States (D) Ways in which early settlers of the United States relaxed 42. What can be inferred about the diversions of the early settlers of the United States? (A) They followed a pattern begun in Europe. (B) They were enjoyed more frequently than in Europe. For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org (C) The clergy organized them. (D) Only the wealthy participated in them. 43. Which of 'he following can be said about the country dwellers' attitude toward "the pursuit of pleasure"? (A) They felt that it should help keep their minds on their work. (B) They felt that it was not necessary. (C) They felt that it should be. productive. (D) They felt that it should not involve eating and drinking. 44. The phrase "thanks to" in line 8 is closest in meaning to (A)grateful for (B) help with (C) because of (D) machines for 45. The word "their" in line B refers to (A) ways (B) farm dwellers (C) demands (D) pressures 46. What is meant by the phrase "double-purpose" in line 11 ? (A) Very frequent (B) Useful and enjoyable (C) Extremely necessary (D) Positive and negative 47. The phrase "eagerly anticipated" in line 16 is closest in meaning to (A) well organized (B) old-fashioned (C) strongly opposed (D) looked forward to 48. Which of the following can be said about the rural diversions mentioned in the last paragraph in which city dwellers also participated? (A) They were useful to the rural community. (B) They involved the purchase items useful in the home. (C) They were activities that could be done equally easily in the towns (D) They were all outdoor activities. 49. What will the author probably discuss in the paragraph following this passage? (A) The rural diversions enjoyed by both urban and rural people (B) Leisure activities of city dwellers (C) Building methods of the early settlers in rural areas (D)Changes in the lifestyles of settlers' as they moved to the cities 50. Where in the passage does the author mention factors that might prevent people from enjoying themselves? (A) Lines 3-5 (B) Lines 12-14 (C) Lines 17-20 (D)Lines 25-27 For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org

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